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June 1987

Computer-Aided Three-Dimensional Reconstruction of the Cochlear Nerve Root

Author Affiliations

From the House Ear Institute, Los Angeles.

Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1987;113(6):651-655. doi:10.1001/archotol.1987.01860060077019

• Computer-aided three-dimensional reconstruction techniques have been used for reconstruction of the cochlear nuclei and the cochlear nerve root. The cochlear nuclei, the nerve root, and the other adjacent structures were studied in serial frontal and horizontal sections. Boundaries of these structures were digitized into a computer and eight threedimensional models were produced. Two solid models (reconstructions) showed the spatial surface topography, while the others revealed the appearance of the nerve root within the nuclei. The reconstructions also showed the position of the tenia of the tela choroidea on the surface of the nuclei and its relation to the root. This knowledge makes it possible to use the tenia as a landmark for determination of the root position within the nuclei. As the nerve enters the nucleus and forms the root, there is an appreciable reduction in its thickness. At the same time, the distance between the nuclei surface and the root, which has a cone shape, increases. The cone is curved along its longitudinal axis toward the inferior cerebellar peduncle. The top of the root borders the dorsal cochlear nucleus. This study stems from work in this institution on placement of the central electroauditory prosthesis on the cochlear nuclei surface. The results obtained further knowledge of the anatomy of the nuclei, specifically the areas used for the prosthesis implantation and the underlying tissue.

(Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 1987;113:651-655)

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