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August 1987

Passive Smoking and Croup

Author Affiliations

From the Departments of Otolaryngology (Dr Biller) and Community Medicine (Drs Salzman and Schechter), Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York.

Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1987;113(8):866-868. doi:10.1001/archotol.1987.01860080072020

• The relationship between croup and the presence of household cigarette consumption was assessed in a matched-pair case control study. Fifty subjects with a primary hospital discharge diagnosis of croup were paired with children with a primary hospital discharge diagnosis of abdominal hernia. The results yielded an estimated relative risk of 0.82. The power of this study to detect a relative risk of 2.0 was 38%. This study fails to show a relationship between passive smoking and croup in early childhood.

(Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 1987;113:866-868)

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