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September 1987

Communication Performance of Children With Cochlear Implants

Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1987;113(9):921. doi:10.1001/archotol.1987.01860090019010

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Richard T. Miyamoto, MD, and associates at the Indiana University School of Medicine (Indianapolis) identified positive trends in language development in 23 children with cochlear implants (Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing—House) using tests of language age—equivalent scores. They presented their findings to the American Neurotology Society in Denver.

The Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test and Woodcock-Johnson Psycho-Educational Test Battery were used to compute a quotient of chronological and language age. Although all children with implants were below age expectations compared with normal-hearing children, all 23 children improved language by the same number of months as the elapsed time, ie, the children with implants maintained the chronological age to language-age quotient, a pattern much better than expected for deaf children as a whole. In general, younger children with implants did better than did older children with implants. These positive trends in language development underscored the need for intensive aural rehabilitation in children

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