• The forerunners of the midline forehead flap date back to ancient India. The flap, as modified in this presentation, is often the treatment of choice for reconstructing significant full-thickness defects of the nose. The flap described is designed as a musculocutaneous flap incorporating skin, subcutaneous tissue, muscle, and aponeurosis. The enhanced vascularity of this flap allows precise thinning and tailoring at the distal end. A stepwise description of flap design is outlined.
(Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 1988;114:79-84)
Thomas JR, Griner N, Cook TA. The Precise Midline Forehead Flap as a Musculocutaneous Flap. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1988;114(1):79–84. doi:10.1001/archotol.1988.01860130083020
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