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Article
September 1988

The Pattern and Stability of Postmeningitic Hearing Loss in Children

Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1988;114(9):951. doi:10.1001/archotol.1988.01860210017007

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Abstract

At the Middle Section meeting of the Triologic Society, Ann Arbor, Mich, Jan 23, 1988, Patrick Brookhouser, MD, Martha Auslander, MS, and Mary Meskan, MA, Omaha, presented their data relating to "The Pattern and Stability of Postmeningitic Hearing Loss in Children." The authors had the opportunity to study the hearing loss patterns demonstrated in 58 children whose hearing deficit resulted from meningitis.

The authors noted that 86% of the population studied demonstrated stable sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL), while 14% experienced threshold changes over the course of time, ie, improvement, deterioration, or fluctuation. When classifying their initial data, the authors noted that 33 children demonstrated bilateral symmetric SNHL, 24 children showed bilateral asymmetric SNHL, and seven children showed evidence of unilateral SNHL only.

For the population with stable bilateral SNHL, disability ranged from a moderate loss to anakusic ears. In the group of 18 children with stable asymmetric losses, a wide

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