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May 1990

Airway Complications in CHARGE Association

Author Affiliations

From the Department of Otolaryngology, St Louis (Mo) Children's Hospital, The Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis (Dr Asher), and the Departments of Otolaryngology (Drs McGill, Friedman, and Healy) and Pediatrics (Dr Kaplan), The Children's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Mass.

Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1990;116(5):594-595. doi:10.1001/archotol.1990.01870050094014

• The association between catastrophic airway events and developmental delay was examined in patients with CHARGE (coloboma, heart disease, atresia choanae, retarded growth and/or development, genital hypoplasia, and ear anomalies and/or deafness) association. A retrospective chart analysis was performed from The Children's Hospital in Boston, Mass. Sixteen patients were identified with CHARGE association. Nine patients had at least one respiratory arrest, and 7 had no airway difficulties. Some degree of developmental delay was seen in 14 patients, but was most severe in those patients who suffered a respiratory arrest. We conclude that children with CHARGE association have a propensity for airway instability and that cerebral hypoxia contributed to the developmental delay in some of our patients. We recommend early tracheotomy rather than early choanal atresia repair in these patients to protect the central nervous system.

(Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1990;116:594-595)

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