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December 1990

Surgical Strategy in Thyroid Disease

Author Affiliations

From the Department of Otolaryngology, the University of Kansas School of Medicine, Kansas City (Dr Hoover), and the Division of Head and Neck Surgery (Otolaryngology) Olive View Medical Center, Sylmar, Calif (Drs Zuckerbraun and Lando).

Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1990;116(12):1378-1383. doi:10.1001/archotol.1990.01870120024002

• Over the past 8 years, 311 patients have undergone surgical treatment by the senior authors for thyroid disease. Over 80% of the cases were performed by the head and neck surgical service at Olive View County Hospital, Sylmar, Calif, with the remainder performed at UCLA-affiliated institutions. This service is an important source of thyroid surgical training for UCLA head and neck residents who rotate through this major affiliate. The purpose of this communication is to review our experience with these cases; to describe our overall surgical strategy; and to detail the specifics of our surgical procedure, which we have developed to safely train residents in the treatment of these challenging cases. This article deals with the specific problems of preservation of the recurrent nerve, the parathyroid glands, and the techniques for reimplantation of injured parathyroid glands; the management of larger, substernal thyroid glands; and our techniques for partial thyroid surgery. In addition, the difficult decisions in the management of thyroid cancer, such as completion thyroidectomy; the management of lymph node mestastases; and how tracheal, esophageal, or laryngeal invasion should be managed are discussed. An initial section describing the general preoperative examination of these patients is also included, so that the proper surgical strategy can be developed prior to entering the operating room.

(Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1990;116:1378-1383)