• The lower trapezius flap was first described in 1980 based on the transverse cervical artery. The older anatomical literature, however, describes the dorsal scapular artery as a major contributor of blood supply to the skin overlying the lower trapezius fibers. To clarify this, 30 dissections of this vascular region were performed. In 15 of 30 dissections, the dorsal scapular artery was dominant and the distal transverse cervical artery arose from the dorsal scapular. In nine of 30 dissections, the transverse cervical artery was dominant and the distal dorsal scapular artery arose from the transverse cervical. In six of 30 dissections, both proximal arteries were of equal caliber with no distal communication. We describe a surgical technique that makes use of the lower trapezius flap with inclusion of the dorsal scapular artery; this technique greatly extends the usefulness of the lower trapezius flap, while decreasing the morbidity caused by division of the upper portion of the trapezius muscle during flap harvest.
(Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1991;117:73-76)
Netterville JL, Wood DE. The Lower Trapezius Flap: Vascular Anatomy and Surgical Technique. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1991;117(1):73–76. doi:10.1001/archotol.1991.01870130079020
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