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August 1991

Actinomycosis in Obstructive Tonsillar Hypertrophy and Recurrent Tonsillitis

Author Affiliations

From the Departments of Otolaryngology (Drs Pransky, Feldman, Kearns, and Seid) and Pathology (Dr Billman), Children's Hospital and Health Center, San Diego, Calif; and the Department of Surgery, Division of Head and Neck Surgery, University of California, San Diego (Drs Pransky, Kearns, and Seid).

Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1991;117(8):883-885. doi:10.1001/archotol.1991.01870200077012

• A quantitative analysis of adenoid and tonsillar specimens from 460 patients was performed. The patients underwent tonsillectomy or adenotonsillectomy for either recurrent tonsillitis or obstructive tonsillar hypertrophy. Histologic preparations revealed Actinomycetes as statistically more prevalent in the obstructive population. The presence of Actinomycetes in the adenotonsillar core of this diagnostic group may indicate an etiologic role for this organism in tonsillar and adenoidal hypertrophy.

(Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1991;117:883-885)