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January 1992

Anastomosis of the Cervical Trachea in Children

Author Affiliations

From the Department of Otolaryngology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor (Dr Wiatrak), and the Department of Otolaryngology and Maxillofacial Surgery, Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio (Dr Cotton).

Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1992;118(1):58-62. doi:10.1001/archotol.1992.01880010062017

• Numerous techniques for the surgical management of laryngotracheal stenosis in children have been described in the literature. These surgical modalities include endoscopic management and open laryngotracheal reconstruction using costal cartilage grafts for expansion of the stenotic subglottic region. Although tracheal resection with primary reanastomosis for the management of tracheal stenosis is reported frequently in the adult population, children rarely have stenotic lesions that are amenable to this particular technique. Laryngotracheal stenosis in children most commonly involves the subglottis. This makes tracheal resection with anastomosis technically difficult to perform, due to the close proximity of the vocal cords. We have found a subpopulation of children at our institution with high tracheal stenoses, with minimal lower subglottic involvement, who were amenable to tracheal resection with primary anastomosis. We review our experience with this technique. The indications for this surgical modality in children are discussed, as well as the surgical technique.

(Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1992;118:58-62)