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April 1992

The External Rhinoplasty Approach for Rhinologic Surgery in Children

Author Affiliations

From the Section of Pediatric Otolaryngology (Dr Koltai) and the Division of Plastic Surgery (Dr Hoehn), Albany (NY) Medical College, and the Department of Otolaryngology, Hospital for Sick Children, Great Ormond Street, London, England (Dr Bailey).

Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1992;118(4):401-405. doi:10.1001/archotol.1992.01880040063011

• The external rhinoplasty is a versatile approach for exposing nasal anatomy in children and has been utilized for a variety of rhinologic problems (N=35). These have included septal deviation (11), cleft lip nasal deformity (10), unilateral choanal atresia (five), nasal dermoids (four), and problems of the sphenoidal sinus (five). For children with septal deformities, the external approach allows complete intranasal visualization, providing access for careful and conservative reconstruction. In children with cleft lip nasal deformity, decortication allows for direct sculpting of the alar cartilages. For unilateral choanal atresia, the external technique provides exposure of the posterior vomer as in the transpalatal approach, but without the risk to palatal growth. For nasal dermoids, the open rhinoplasty offers wider exposure with more control over the medial osteotomies, a better view of the cribriform plate, and enhanced cosmesis. For problems of the sphenoid, the external route utilizes the guiding midline intranasal structures for rapid and direct entry into the sinus. In our study, the age range of the children was between 7 months and 18 years. The range of follow-up was between 6 months and 5 years. The techniques for the individual procedures are described, along with a rationale for their employment. There were no postoperative complications, and no long-term problems associated with the use of the external technique. In conclusion, the enhanced exposure provided by the external rhinoplasty approach in children facilitates rhinologic procedures on the soft tissues of the nose and the nasal architecture, as well as in the central core of the face.

(Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1992;118:401-405)