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October 1992

Some Aspects of Life Quality After Surgery for Acoustic Neuroma

Author Affiliations

From Department of Audiology, Bispebjerg Hospital, Copenhagen (Dr Parving), and the Ear-Nose-Throat Department, University Hospital, Gentofte (Drs Tos, Thomsen, Møller, and Buchwald), Denmark.

Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1992;118(10):1061-1064. doi:10.1001/archotol.1992.01880100053013

• This investigation was performed to describe some aspects of the quality of life in subjects after translabyrinthine removal of an acoustic neuroma, resulting in unilateral total deafness. Two hundred ninety-three subjects who had been operated on during 1976 through 1990 and who were living outside the Copenhagen (Denmark) City and County received a postal questionnaire, to which 93% (n=273) responded: 118 men and 155 women with a median age of 58 years (range, 18 to 81 years). The median observation period from surgery to the questionnaire was 6 years (range, 6 months to 14 years), and the median age at operation was 52 years (range, 15 to 76 years). Among the subjects, 22% had received postoperative hearing rehabilitation with various types of hearing aids in the ear not operated on. In 62%, tinnitus was experienced in the ear with tumor before surgery, and at the time of the questionnaire, 49% experienced tinnitus in the ear operated on. Half a year after surgery, 56% still experienced dizziness. Sixty-four percent reported damage to the facial nerve in relationship to the operation. At the time of the questionnaire, 12% indicated a total loss of facial nerve function. No vocational consequences were found in 74% after surgery. Information concerning different symptoms related to surgery was insufficient in 29%, while the quality of information in relation to surgery was more satisfying. In conclusion, the study demonstrates that deafness, dysequilibrium, and reduced facial nerve function caused the most severe problems. Improved information to patients before surgery may reduce the frequency of negative experiences.

(Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1992;118:1061-1064)

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