[Skip to Content]
[Skip to Content Landing]
Article
October 1992

Distortion-Product Otoacoustic Emissions: Values for Clinical Use

Author Affiliations

From the Otorhinolaryngology Department, Hôpital Boucicaut (Dr Bonfils), and the Biophysics Department, Hôpital Lariboisière(Dr Avan), Paris, France.

Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1992;118(10):1069-1076. doi:10.1001/archotol.1992.01880100061014
Abstract

• Distortion-product otoacoustic emissions are otoacoustic emissions evoked by two pure tones. They are proposed as a frequency-specific test of the mechanical properties of the cochlea. The aim of this study was to measure distortion-product otoacoustic emissions in a clinical setting to establish the most interesting values suitable for clinical use and the clinical interest of the method. The statistical analysis of the data points out some clinically interesting values: (1) a screening limit value of 30 dB hearing level and when measuring distortion-product otoacoustic emissions in response to 52 dB sound pressure level for studying active frequency selective mechanisms; (2) a screening limit value of 50 dB hearing level and when measuring distortion-product otoacoustic emissions in response to 72 dB sound pressure level for studying passive cochlear mechanisms; and (3) the slope of the input-output function. All physiologic properties of the cochlea fit with these basic distortion-product otoacoustic emission properties. These criteria can be used whatever the population studied and the material used for distortion-product otoacoustic emissions recordings. Distortion-product otoacoustic emissions can be used as a screening test to separate (1) subjects with normal hearing and subjects with a hearing threshold above 30 dB hearing level (distortion-product otoacoustic emissions in response to a 52 dB sound pressure level "primaries" [ie, pure tones] stimulation intensity), and (2) patients with a hearing threshold above or below 50 dB hearing level (distortionproduct otoacoustic emissions in response to a 72 dB sound pressure level primary stimulation intensity). Distortion-product otoacoustic emissions cannot be used as a more precise audiometric test.

(Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1992;118:1069-1076)

×