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October 1992

Three-Component Analysis of Caloric Nystagmus in Humans

Author Affiliations

From the Department of Otolaryngology, Nippon Medical School, Tokyo, Japan.

Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1992;118(10):1077-1080. doi:10.1001/archotol.1992.01880100069015

• Three-component analysis of caloric nystagmus, focusing on the horizontal, vertical, and torsional, using a computerized eye movement analysis system, was carried out in 10 normal human subjects. The caloric response was induced by cold stimulation to the right ear of the subjects in the supine and prone positions. In the supine position, the three components of nystagmus were toward the left (10 subjects), upward (eight subjects) or downward (two subjects), and clockwise (10 subjects). In the prone position, on the other hand, the three components were directed toward the right (10 subjects), downward (five subjects), upward (three subjects), and counterclockwise (10 subjects); there was no vertical direction in two subjects. These findings indicate that caloric stimulation activates the three semicircular canals simultaneously. Also the changes in the nystagmus direction in the supine and prone positions could be explained, at least partially, by the nonconvective component of caloric stimulation.

(Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1992;118:1077-1080)

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