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September 1993

Long-term Stability of Two Different Mandibular Bridging Systems

Author Affiliations

From the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and the Department of Radiology, Fourth Department of Surgery, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki, Finland.

Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1993;119(9):1031-1036. doi:10.1001/archotol.1993.01880210121017

To evaluate the benefits of narrow-beam roentgenography and spiral tomography for examination and monitoring of screw and plate fixation to bone we studied 22 rigid plate bridgings of mandibular defects. The plate reconstructions were of long duration or considered permanent. In 13 patients, AO-THORP (AO: Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Osteosynthesefragen; THORP: Titanplasma-beschichteten Hohl- und Vollkern-Rekonstruktionsplatten-Systems) reconstructions were used and in nine classic AO stainless steel plate bridgings. With the AO-THORP system, good bone apposition to the screws was evident in 96% (73/76 screws) of the cases. Fixation using the classic AO screws, however, was inadequate in 30% (20/66 screws) of the cases. Plate loosening was noted in 56% (5/9 plates). Examination using narrow-beam roentgenography and spiral tomography provided detailed information about bone resorption around the screws and provided a reliable tool for deciding on a follow-up regimen. When complications occur, they can be detected and treated early, reducing patient morbidity. In our opinion, classic AO plate bridging should always be considered temporary.

(Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1993;119:1031-1036)

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