To identify factors affecting the surgical success rate and reperforation rate in type 1 tympanoplasty. Controversy continues regarding the advisability of this procedure in young children, largely because of the likelihood of recurrent middle ear disease and eustachian tube dysfunction.
Retrospective medical record review of a case series.
Pediatric hospital that serves both as a primary care and referral center.
All private patients younger than 18 years, undergoing type 1 tympanoplasty from 1985 through 1989, for whom at least 6 months' follow-up was available. Two hundred nine tympanoplasties on 183 patients were included; 22 patients were excluded for insufficient follow-up.
Main Outcome Measures:
Surgical success was defined by confirmation of an intact tympanic membrane at least 6 months postoperatively. Procedures were deemed long-term successes if the tympanic membrane remained free of perforation to the end of follow-up.
The overall short-term surgical success rate was 92%, with 87% of ears remaining free of reperforation to the end of follow-up. If the perforation involved the margin, the surgical success and long-term success rates dropped to 86% and 77%, respectively. Although reperforation was more likely in patients younger than 6 years or in those with contralateral otitis media at surgery, even these groups had long-term success rates of 81% and 74%, respectively.
Tympanoplasty may be considered at any age. Even in young children, there is a high likelihood of return to normal function.(Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1994;120:487-490)
Kessler A, Potsic WP, Marsh RR. Type 1 Tympanoplasty in Children. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1994;120(5):487–490. doi:10.1001/archotol.1994.01880290005001
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