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May 1994

Ear Disease in Children With Cystic Fibrosis

Author Affiliations

From the Department of Otolaryngology, Babies Hospital, Columbia University, New York, NY (Dr Haddad); the Uniform Services, University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, Md (Dr Gonzalez); and the Departments of Pediatrics (Drs Kurland and Orenstein) and Otolaryngology (Dr Casselbrant), Children's Hospital, University of Pittsburgh (Pa) School of Medicine.

Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1994;120(5):491-493. doi:10.1001/archotol.1994.01880290009002

Objective:  To assess otitis media in children with cystic fibrosis.

Design:  Prospective prevalence survey.

Setting:  Otolaryngology and cystic fibrosis/pulmonology outpatient clinics, Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh (Pa), a regional referral center.

Patients:  Seventy patients, aged 4 months to 17 years, with documented cystic fibrosis who presented to the cystic fibrosis/pulmonary clinic with scheduled appointments were asked to volunteer for the study. The 70 patients recruited represent approximately one fourth of the children younger than 17 years with cystic fibrosis who were followed up by the cystic fibrosis/pulmonary clinic.

Intervention:  Ear, nose, and throat examination including pneumatic otoscopy, with tympanometry when indicated; relevant history taking.

Main Outcome Measure:  Presence or absence of otitis media.

Results:  Seven (10%) of the 70 patients had unilateral or bilateral otitis media.

Conclusions:  Children with cystic fibrosis have a low prevalence of otitis media compared with normal children.(Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1994;120:491-493)

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