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Genetics and otology were the subjects of a talk by Kenneth Grundfast, MD, National Children's Medical Center, Washington, DC. Dr Grundfast presented an audiovestibular phenotype checklist to be used when evaluating patients with congenital hearing loss. The checklist includes the following: inheritance pattern, onset type, laterality, stability, audiogram configuration, and associated radiographic and/or vestibular findings. By using this checklist, the physician can more accurately describe the nature of congenital deafness for the patient and family.
There has long been a controversy regarding the advisability of stapes surgery in young children. Antonio De La Cruz, MD, Los Angeles, Calif, presented the House Ear Institute's (Los Angeles, Calif) experience with stapes surgery in children. He concluded that stapes surgery could be performed safely in children and was especially gratifying in children with bilateral conductive hearing loss greater than 35 dB. He advised preoperative computed tomographic scans on all patients for assessment
Hoffer ME. Annual Meeting of the American Neurotology Society, September 17, 1994, San Diego, Calif. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1995;121(2):239–240. doi:10.1001/archotol.1995.01890020101021
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