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April 1995

An Outcomes Study of Cochlear Implants in Deaf Patients: Audiologic, Economic, and Quality-of-Life Changes

Author Affiliations

From the Division of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery, Department of Surgery (Dr Harris), and the Division of Health Care Sciences, Department of Family and Preventive Medicine (Dr Anderson), School of Medicine, University of California, San Diego; and the Department of Communicative Disorders, San Diego State University (Dr Novak).

Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1995;121(4):398-404. doi:10.1001/archotol.1995.01890040024004

Objectives:  To investigate and quantitate the changes in economic, emotional, and health-related quality of life after cochlear implantation.

Subjects:  Nine patients between the ages of 18 and 60 years who qualified for surgery.

Methods:  Patients underwent assessment using four socioeconomic indicator scales administered preoperatively, and at 6 months, 1 year, 2 years, 30 months, and 3 years postoperatively. All patients continued to use their cochlear implants during the 3-year follow-up period.

Results:  Uniform and systematic improvement in quality of life and psychologic well-being, and a steady increase in mean personal income for the group that underwent implantation, supporting the contention that cochlear implantation is a beneficial surgical procedure for profoundly deaf patients.(Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1995;121:398-404)

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