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October 1995

Esthetic Refinements in Forehead Flap Nasal Reconstruction

Author Affiliations

From the Division of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery, University of Rochester (NY) Medical Center (Drs Quatela and Rounds); and the Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn (Dr Sherris).

Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1995;121(10):1106-1113. doi:10.1001/archotol.1995.01890100022004

Objective:  To identify refinements in forehead flap nasal reconstruction that consistently provide better esthetic and functional results.

Design:  Case series of patients undergoing forehead flap nasal reconstruction from July 1, 1987, to May 31, 1994.

Setting:  University hospital ambulatory surgery department.

Patients:  Thirty-two patients with various nasal defects.

Interventions:  Modifications of currently accepted techniques of paramedian forehead flap nasal reconstruction, namely, flap harvest and contouring, W-plasty closure of the superior forehead donor site, and creation of soft-tissue triangles. The principles of open-structure rhinoplasty are incorporated into cartilaginous reconstruction of the the nasal tip and columella. The alar rim is reconstructed with cartilage grafts placed at the nasal rim.

Main Outcome Measures:  Esthetic and functional results of nasal reconstruction were subjectively graded by three otolaryngologists (V.C.Q., D.A.S., and M.F.R.) and the patients.

Results:  Improved esthetic and functional nasal reconstruction. The most common nasal subunits reconstructed were as follows: ala, 27 patients (84%); sidewall, 22 patients (69%); dorsum, 18 patients (56%), and tip, 15 patients (47%). The esthetic results ranged from average to excellent (3 to 5 on a scale of 5), the functional results ranged from improved to much improved over preoperative breathing (4 to 5). Two patients required unplanned surgical revisions. Forty-seven percent of patients chose to undergo dermabrasion. Five patients required postoperative intradermal injection of triamcinolone acetonide (Kenalog). Three patients required preoperative tissue expansion. Flap or graft loss, infection, or hematoma did not occur.

Conclusions:  The predictability of the techniques in providing excellent results in patients undergoing nasal reconstruction decreases the need for revision procedures and helps the patient and the surgeon achieve the desired outcome.(Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1995;121:1106-1113)

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