To determine whether it is safe and effective to avoid the use of neuromuscular relaxants in patients who have indwelling nasotracheal tubes after undergoing single-stage laryngotracheoplasty.
Retrospective case series.
University-based referral center specializing in the surgical management of laryngotracheal stenosis and other pathologic conditions of the airway.
Referred sample of 104 consecutive patients (67 males, 37 females) undergoing single-stage laryngotracheoplasty for subglottic stenosis.
Main Outcome Measures:
Incidence of accidental extubation, use of neuromuscular relaxants, incidence of reintubation after planned extubation, duration of intubation, overall rate of successful airway expansion.
One patient self-extubated without sequelae. One patient required a brief course of neuromuscular relaxants. The success rate (without further laryngotracheoplasty) for all patients was 86% (89/104). For the 25 patients operated on in 1992, with at least 1 year of follow-up, the success rate was 92% (23/25).
Single-stage laryngotracheoplasty can be done safely and effectively without using paralyzing agents in the postoperative period. This approach has certain advantages, which are discussed.Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1995;121:1175-1179)
Rothschild MA, Cotcamp D, Cotton RT. Postoperative Medical Management in Single-Stage Laryngotracheoplasty. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1995;121(10):1175–1179. doi:10.1001/archotol.1995.01890100081014
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