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Article
April 1996

Fibroblast Growth Factor–Induced Motor End Plate Regeneration in Atrophic Muscle

Author Affiliations

From the Division of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery, University of Illinois Hospitals, Chicago (Drs Walter, Toriumi, Patt, and Bhattacharyya and Mr O'Grady); and Departments of Pathology (Dr Caulfield) and Surgery (Dr Thompson), University of Alabama at Birmingham.

Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1996;122(4):425-430. doi:10.1001/archotol.1996.01890160065012
Abstract

Objective:  To determine whether fibroblast growth factor 1 implanted with viable nerve into atrophic muscle will stimulate formation of functional, acetylcholineproducing motor end plates.

Design:  Twelve male Lewis rats underwent predenervation of the hamstring muscle 8 weeks before implantation of the nerve at a site distant from the original motor end plate. Six animals underwent implantation of the tagged nerve ending into atrophic muscle with 50 μg of fibroblast growth factor 1 in a fibrin adhesive carrier (group 1). Three animals underwent implantation with nerve, fibrin adhesive, and no fibroblast growth factor 1 (group 2); and three animals underwent implantation with fibroblast growth factor 1 and fibrin adhesive with no nerve (group 3). Animals were killed 9 weeks after implantation and nerve and muscle specimens were harvested.

Main Outcome Measures:  Histoenzymologic methods for acetylcholinesterase and silver impregnation of nerve fibers were performed 9 weeks after fibroblast growth factor 1–fibrin adhesive implantation. Variables included the number of motor end plates per highpower field and motor end plate length.

Results:  Robust axonal sprouting and formation of multiple motor end plates were found arborized in serial fashion equidistant around the implanted nerve ending. Rare extrasynaptic staining occurred. End plate lengths were significantly shorter in the fibroblast growth factor 1–treated muscles (group 1) than in the specimens without fibroblast growth factor 1 (group 2) (31.2 vs 58.5 μm; P>.001, paired t test). The arborization of motor end plates, rare extrasynaptic staining, and shorter end plate lengths seen in group 1 were all consistent with mature motor end plates. Controls (group 3) displayed limited motor end plate formation and extensive extrasynaptic staining typical of denervation.

Conclusions:  This study presents encouraging evidence that fibroblast growth factor 1 with fibrin adhesive carrier can facilitate the reinnervation of atrophied muscle by enhancing the formation or revitalization of motor end plates. Future studies will address muscle function and use of different carrier materials.(Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1996;122:425-430)

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