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May 1997

Secondary Healing of Mohs Defects of the Forehead, Temple, and Lower Eyelid

Author Affiliations

From Ear, Nose, and Throat Ltd, Norfolk, Va, and the Department of Clinical Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery, Eastern Virginia School of Medicine, Norfolk (Dr Deutsch), and the Facial Plastic Surgery Center, Vero Beach, Fla, and the Department of Otolaryngology, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainsville (Dr Becker).

Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1997;123(5):529-534. doi:10.1001/archotol.1997.01900050085011

Objective:  To analyze the results of secondary healing of Mohs defects of the forehead, temple, and lower eyelid.

Design:  Scars resulting from secondary healing in these 3 sites were rated by patient interviews and by analysis of postoperative photographs by 3 board-certified members of the American Academy of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.

Setting:  Private facial plastic and reconstructive surgery practice in Florida.

Patients:  Patients with Mohs wounds of the forehead, temple, and lower eyelid that were allowed to heal by secondary intention between January 1, 1989, and December 31, 1993, who were available for follow-up. There were 10 wounds of the forehead, 6 of the temple, and 10 of the lower eyelid that were available for analysis.

Main Outcome Measures:  Wound color, contour, distortion of surrounding structures, presence of telangiectasias or paresthesias, pain or infection during healing, and overall cosmetic result.

Results:  Color, contour, and overall scar cosmesis were rated using the following scale: poor (0), fair (1), good (2), and excellent (3). Telangiectasias, paresthesias, and pain or infection during healing were recorded as present or absent. The respective color and contour ratings for the 3 sites were 2.2 and 2.2 for the forehead, 2.5 and 2.7 for the temple, and 2.7 and 3 for the lower eyelid according to patient interview and 1 and 1.3 for the forehead, 1 and 1.4 for the temple, and 2.6 and 2.5 for the lower eyelid according to surgeon analysis. Pain, infection, paresthesias, and distortion of surrounding structures were rare, but 7 of 10 forehead and 4 of 6 temple wounds had telangiecta

Conclusions:  Many defects of the forehead and temple will heal with acceptable results. Partial-thickness or small full-thickness lower eyelid wounds heal with excellent cosmetic and functional results. Patient satisfaction is greater than might be predicted by surgeon analysis of wound healing.Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1997;123:529-534