Early Risk Factors for Enlargement of the Tracheoesophageal Puncture After Total Laryngectomy: Nodal Metastasis and Extent of Surgery | Head and Neck Cancer | JAMA Otolaryngology–Head & Neck Surgery | JAMA Network
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Original Article
Sep 2012

Early Risk Factors for Enlargement of the Tracheoesophageal Puncture After Total Laryngectomy: Nodal Metastasis and Extent of Surgery

Author Affiliations

Author Affiliations: Departments of Head and Neck Surgery (Drs Hutcheson, Sturgis, and Lewin) and Epidemiology (Dr Sturgis), The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston.

Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2012;138(9):833-839. doi:10.1001/archoto.2012.1753

Objective To determine the early risk factors for enlargement of the tracheoesophageal puncture (TEP) after total laryngectomy.

Design Retrospective cohort study.

Setting The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston.

Patients The study included 194 patients who underwent total laryngectomy (with or without pharyngectomy) and TEP (2003-2008).

Main Outcome Measures Multiple logistic regression methods were used to evaluate early risk factors for an enlarged TEP.

Results The incidence of an enlarged TEP was 18.6% (36 of 194 patients). After adjustment for follow-up time and radiotherapy history, patients with nodal metastases had a significantly higher risk of TEP enlargement (adjusted odds ratio, 6.6; 95% CI, 1.6-26.6) than those with node-negative disease. Total laryngopharyngectomy significantly increased the risk of an enlarged TEP (adjusted odds ratio, 4.5; 95% CI, 1.4-14.7) compared with simple total laryngectomy. Before multivariable adjustment, the preoperative body mass index was also significantly associated with enlargement (P for trend, .04).

Conclusions These data suggest that 2 clinical factors—nodal staging and extent of resection—may help identify those at highest risk for TEP enlargement early after surgery. These simple indicators may ultimately aid in patient selection and prevention of an enlarged TEP after total laryngectomy.