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1.
Anderson, W. A. D.:  Pathology , Ed. 3, St. Louis, The C. V. Mosby Company, 1957.
2.
Capps, F. C.:  Tumors of the Glomus Jugulare (St. Bartholomew's Hospital) ,  J. Fac. Radiologists 8:312 ( (July) ) 1957.
3.
 Carotid Body Tumors: Cancer Bull. 10:30 ( (March) - April) 1958.
4.
Conley, J. J.:  Carotid-Body Tumors ,  A.M.A. Arch. Otolaryng. 63:229 ( (March) ) 1956.
5.
Crile, G. J., and Humphries, A. W.:  Carotid Body Tumor ,  Am. J. Surg. 94:649 ( (Oct.) ), 1957.
6.
Dockerty, M. B.; Love, J. G., and Patton, M. M.:  Nonchromaffin Paraganglioma of the Middle Ear: Report of a Case in Which the Clinical Aspects Were Those of a Brain Tumor ,  Proc. Staff Meet. Mayo Clin. 26:25 ( (Jan. 17) ) 1951.
7.
Eggston, A. A. E., and Wolff, D. W.:  Carotid Gland Tumors, in Histopathology of the Ear, Nose and Throat , Baltimore, The Williams & Wilkins Company, 1947.
8.
Gaffney, J. C.:  Carotid-Body-like Tumors of the Jugular Bulb and Middle Ear ,  J. Path. & Bact. 66:157, ( (July) ) 1953.
9.
Goodof, I. I., and Lischer, C. E.:  Tumor of the Carotid Body and the Pancreas ,  Arch. Path. 35:906 ( (June) ) 1943.
10.
Guild, S. R.:  Hitherto Unrecognized Structure, the Glomus Jugulare in Man ,  Anat. Rec. ( (Supp. 2) ) 79:28, 1941.
11.
Guild, S. R.:  The Glomus Jugulare, a Nonchromaffin Paraganglioma in Man ,  Ann. Otol. Rhin. & Laryng. 62:1045 ( (Dec.) ) 1953.
12.
von Haller, A.:  De vera nervi intercostalis origine , Göttingen, 1743
13.
 De nervorum in arterias imperio , Göttingen, 1744.
14.
Holesh, S.:  Diagnosis of the Glomus Jugulare ,  Lancet 1:169 ( (Jan.) ) 1950.
15.
Hollenberg, H. G., and Jones, R. D.:  Carotid Body Tumors ,  Am. Surgeon 24:3 ( (Jan.) ) 1958.
16.
Hoople, G. D.; Bradley, W. H.; Stoner, L. R., and Brewer, D. W.:  Histologically Malignant Glomus Jugulare Tumors ,  Laryngoscope 68:760 ( (April) ) 1958.
17.
Kohn, A.:  Die Paraganglien ,  Arch. mikr. Anat. 62:263, 1903.
18.
Krause, C. F. T.:  Handbuch der menschlichen Anatomie , Ed. 3, Hannover, 1879, pp. 860-861.
19.
Lattes, R., and Waltner, J. G.:  Nonchromaffin Paraganglioma of the Middle Ear ,  Cancer 2:477 ( (May) ) 1949.Crossref
20.
Lederer, F. L.; Skolnik, E. M.; Soboroff, B. J., and Fornatto, E. J.:  Nonchromaffin Paraganglioma of the Head and Neck ,  Ann. Otol. Rhin. & Laryng. 67:305 ( (June) ) 1958.
21.
Luschka, H.:  Die drüsenartige Natur des sogenannten Ganglion intercaroticum ,  Arch. anat. Physiol. 4:405, 1862.
22.
Marchand, F.:  Beiträge zur Kenntniss der normalen und pathologischen Anatomie der Glandula carotica und der Nebennieren ,  Beitr. wissensch. Med. (Festschrift, Rudolph Virchow) , 1:535, 1891.
23.
Marston, E. L.:  Excision of the Carotid Body Tumor ,  Am. Surgeon 23:1129 ( (Dec.) ) 1957.
24.
Matthews, F. S.:  Carotid Body Tumor: Report of a Case ,  Ann. Surg. 59:752, 1913.
25.
Mulligan, R. M.:  Chemodectoma in the Dog, abstracted ,  Am. J. Path. 26:680, 1950.
26.
Ravel, R. B.: Personal communication to the author.
27.
Rosenwasser, H.:  Carotid Body Tumor of the Middle Ear and Mastoid ,  Arch. Otolaryng. 41:64 ( (Jan.) ) 1945.
28.
Scudder, L. C.:  Tumor of the Intercarotid Body: A Report of One Case Together with All Cases in the Literature ,  Am. J.M. Sc. 6:384, 1903.
29.
Shambaugh, G. E., Jr.:  Surgical Approach for the So-Called Glomus Jugulare Tumors of the Middle Ear ,  Laryngoscope 65:185 ( (April) ) 1955.
30.
Sirtori, C., and Veronesi, U.:  Considerazioni morfologiche ed istogeneteche sui tumor: glomici in base ad otto osservazioni personali ,  Tumori 40:583 ( (Nov.) -Dec.) 1954.
31.
Siekert, R. G.:  Neurologic Manifestations of Tumors of the Glomus Jugulare: Chemodectoma, Nonchromaffin Paraganglioma or Carotid-Body-like Tumors ,  Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 76:1 ( (July) ) 1956.
32.
 Tumors of the Carotid Body and Related Structures in Atlas of Tumor Pathology , Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, 1949, II, Fasc. 6, p. 45.
33.
 Tumors of the Peripheral Nervous System, in Atlas of Tumor Pathology , Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, 1949, II, Fasc. 6, p. 32.
34.
Valentin, G.:  Über eine gangliöse Anschwellung in der Jacobsonschen Anastomose des Menschen ,  Arch. anat. Physiol. , 1840, p. 287.
35.
Warren, K. W.:  Tumors of the Carotid Body ,  S. Clin. North America 33:677 ( (June) ) 1953.
36.
Weile, F. C., and Lane, C. S., Jr.  Surgical Problems Involving the Removal of Glomus Jugulare Tumors ,  Laryngoscope 61:448, 1951.
37.
Williams, I. G.:  Radiotherapy of the Glomus Jugulare (St. Bartholomew's Hospital) ,  J. Fac. Radiologists 8:335 ( (July) ) 1957.
38.
Winship, T., and Louzan, J.:  Tumors of the Glomus Jugulare Not Associated with the Jugular Vein ,  A.M.A. Arch. Otolaryng. 54:378 ( (Oct.) ) 1951.
Original Articles
January 1961

Paraganglioma of the Middle Ear and Mastoid

Arch Otolaryngol. 1961;73(1):54-63. doi:10.1001/archotol.1961.00740020058007
Abstract

Advances that have made possible the surgical miracles of today in many areas of the body have not been wanting in the field of otology. From the dark ages of a half century ago, when improper visualization of the temporal bone frustrated surgical efforts, we have come through a period during which anatomists laid an invaluable groundwork of knowledge of the temporal bone, and researchers in fringe areas have greatly broadened the spectrum of otologic surgery. Many who can look back over several decades of practice to their graduate school days can recall the surgical technique current for temporal bone pathology and the inadequacies of visualization under which surgery was accomplished. But, with the advent of the endaural approach together with the increased magnification made possible with the operative microscope, the otologist now has every surgical advantage to increase his ability to reach a correct diagnosis and by improved surgical

References
1.
Anderson, W. A. D.:  Pathology , Ed. 3, St. Louis, The C. V. Mosby Company, 1957.
2.
Capps, F. C.:  Tumors of the Glomus Jugulare (St. Bartholomew's Hospital) ,  J. Fac. Radiologists 8:312 ( (July) ) 1957.
3.
 Carotid Body Tumors: Cancer Bull. 10:30 ( (March) - April) 1958.
4.
Conley, J. J.:  Carotid-Body Tumors ,  A.M.A. Arch. Otolaryng. 63:229 ( (March) ) 1956.
5.
Crile, G. J., and Humphries, A. W.:  Carotid Body Tumor ,  Am. J. Surg. 94:649 ( (Oct.) ), 1957.
6.
Dockerty, M. B.; Love, J. G., and Patton, M. M.:  Nonchromaffin Paraganglioma of the Middle Ear: Report of a Case in Which the Clinical Aspects Were Those of a Brain Tumor ,  Proc. Staff Meet. Mayo Clin. 26:25 ( (Jan. 17) ) 1951.
7.
Eggston, A. A. E., and Wolff, D. W.:  Carotid Gland Tumors, in Histopathology of the Ear, Nose and Throat , Baltimore, The Williams & Wilkins Company, 1947.
8.
Gaffney, J. C.:  Carotid-Body-like Tumors of the Jugular Bulb and Middle Ear ,  J. Path. & Bact. 66:157, ( (July) ) 1953.
9.
Goodof, I. I., and Lischer, C. E.:  Tumor of the Carotid Body and the Pancreas ,  Arch. Path. 35:906 ( (June) ) 1943.
10.
Guild, S. R.:  Hitherto Unrecognized Structure, the Glomus Jugulare in Man ,  Anat. Rec. ( (Supp. 2) ) 79:28, 1941.
11.
Guild, S. R.:  The Glomus Jugulare, a Nonchromaffin Paraganglioma in Man ,  Ann. Otol. Rhin. & Laryng. 62:1045 ( (Dec.) ) 1953.
12.
von Haller, A.:  De vera nervi intercostalis origine , Göttingen, 1743
13.
 De nervorum in arterias imperio , Göttingen, 1744.
14.
Holesh, S.:  Diagnosis of the Glomus Jugulare ,  Lancet 1:169 ( (Jan.) ) 1950.
15.
Hollenberg, H. G., and Jones, R. D.:  Carotid Body Tumors ,  Am. Surgeon 24:3 ( (Jan.) ) 1958.
16.
Hoople, G. D.; Bradley, W. H.; Stoner, L. R., and Brewer, D. W.:  Histologically Malignant Glomus Jugulare Tumors ,  Laryngoscope 68:760 ( (April) ) 1958.
17.
Kohn, A.:  Die Paraganglien ,  Arch. mikr. Anat. 62:263, 1903.
18.
Krause, C. F. T.:  Handbuch der menschlichen Anatomie , Ed. 3, Hannover, 1879, pp. 860-861.
19.
Lattes, R., and Waltner, J. G.:  Nonchromaffin Paraganglioma of the Middle Ear ,  Cancer 2:477 ( (May) ) 1949.Crossref
20.
Lederer, F. L.; Skolnik, E. M.; Soboroff, B. J., and Fornatto, E. J.:  Nonchromaffin Paraganglioma of the Head and Neck ,  Ann. Otol. Rhin. & Laryng. 67:305 ( (June) ) 1958.
21.
Luschka, H.:  Die drüsenartige Natur des sogenannten Ganglion intercaroticum ,  Arch. anat. Physiol. 4:405, 1862.
22.
Marchand, F.:  Beiträge zur Kenntniss der normalen und pathologischen Anatomie der Glandula carotica und der Nebennieren ,  Beitr. wissensch. Med. (Festschrift, Rudolph Virchow) , 1:535, 1891.
23.
Marston, E. L.:  Excision of the Carotid Body Tumor ,  Am. Surgeon 23:1129 ( (Dec.) ) 1957.
24.
Matthews, F. S.:  Carotid Body Tumor: Report of a Case ,  Ann. Surg. 59:752, 1913.
25.
Mulligan, R. M.:  Chemodectoma in the Dog, abstracted ,  Am. J. Path. 26:680, 1950.
26.
Ravel, R. B.: Personal communication to the author.
27.
Rosenwasser, H.:  Carotid Body Tumor of the Middle Ear and Mastoid ,  Arch. Otolaryng. 41:64 ( (Jan.) ) 1945.
28.
Scudder, L. C.:  Tumor of the Intercarotid Body: A Report of One Case Together with All Cases in the Literature ,  Am. J.M. Sc. 6:384, 1903.
29.
Shambaugh, G. E., Jr.:  Surgical Approach for the So-Called Glomus Jugulare Tumors of the Middle Ear ,  Laryngoscope 65:185 ( (April) ) 1955.
30.
Sirtori, C., and Veronesi, U.:  Considerazioni morfologiche ed istogeneteche sui tumor: glomici in base ad otto osservazioni personali ,  Tumori 40:583 ( (Nov.) -Dec.) 1954.
31.
Siekert, R. G.:  Neurologic Manifestations of Tumors of the Glomus Jugulare: Chemodectoma, Nonchromaffin Paraganglioma or Carotid-Body-like Tumors ,  Arch. Neurol. & Psychiat. 76:1 ( (July) ) 1956.
32.
 Tumors of the Carotid Body and Related Structures in Atlas of Tumor Pathology , Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, 1949, II, Fasc. 6, p. 45.
33.
 Tumors of the Peripheral Nervous System, in Atlas of Tumor Pathology , Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, 1949, II, Fasc. 6, p. 32.
34.
Valentin, G.:  Über eine gangliöse Anschwellung in der Jacobsonschen Anastomose des Menschen ,  Arch. anat. Physiol. , 1840, p. 287.
35.
Warren, K. W.:  Tumors of the Carotid Body ,  S. Clin. North America 33:677 ( (June) ) 1953.
36.
Weile, F. C., and Lane, C. S., Jr.  Surgical Problems Involving the Removal of Glomus Jugulare Tumors ,  Laryngoscope 61:448, 1951.
37.
Williams, I. G.:  Radiotherapy of the Glomus Jugulare (St. Bartholomew's Hospital) ,  J. Fac. Radiologists 8:335 ( (July) ) 1957.
38.
Winship, T., and Louzan, J.:  Tumors of the Glomus Jugulare Not Associated with the Jugular Vein ,  A.M.A. Arch. Otolaryng. 54:378 ( (Oct.) ) 1951.
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