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Schachern PA, Tsuprun V, Cureoglu S, et al. Virulence of Pneumococcal Proteins on the Inner Ear. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2009;135(7):657–661. doi:10.1001/archotol.125.12.1371
To investigate the effects of the virulence characteristics of specific pneumococcal proteins on the inner ear.
Main Outcome Measures
A histologic comparison of inflammatory cell infiltration and pathologic changes in the round window membrane and inner ear.
Most of the animals inoculated with high-dose pneumolysin or wild-type bacteria showed severe pathologic changes of the inner ears. The inner ears of most animals inoculated with surface protein A or surface antigen A–deficient bacteria appeared normal.
Pneumococcal surface protein A and pneumococcal surface antigen A are 2 important virulence factors in inner ear damage secondary to pneumococcal otitis media. Mutation of these virulence factors results in less inner ear damage.
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