Patient-Based Outcomes in Patients With Primary Tinnitus Undergoing Tinnitus Retraining Therapy | Otolaryngology | JAMA Otolaryngology–Head & Neck Surgery | JAMA Network
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Original Article
October 2002

Patient-Based Outcomes in Patients With Primary Tinnitus Undergoing Tinnitus Retraining Therapy

Author Affiliations

From the Tinnitus and Hyperacusis Center, Division of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Maryland Medical System, Baltimore.

Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2002;128(10):1153-1157. doi:10.1001/archotol.128.10.1153

Objective  To determine whether the Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI), a validated patient-based outcomes measure, may improve our ability to quantify impact and assess therapy for patients with tinnitus.

Design  Nonrandomized, prospective analysis of 32 patients undergoing tinnitus retraining therapy (TRT). Assessment tools included comprehensive audiology, a subjective self-assessment survey of tinnitus characteristics, and the THI. Tinnitus Handicap Inventory scores were assessed at baseline and 6 months following TRT.

Results  Baseline analysis revealed significant correlation between the subjective presence of hyperacusis and higher total, emotional, and catastrophic THI scores. Tinnitus Handicap Inventory scores correlated with subjective perception of overall tinnitus effect (P<.001). Mean pure-tone threshold average was 17.4 dB, and mean speech discrimination was 97.0%. There were no consistent correlations between baseline audiologic parameters and THI scores. Following 6 months of TRT, the total, emotional, functional, and catastrophic THI scores significantly improved (P<.001). Loudness discomfort levels also significantly improved (P≤.02).

Conclusions  There is significant improvement in self-perceived disability following TRT as measured by the THI. The results confirm the utility of the THI as a patient-based outcomes measure for quantifying treatment status in patients with primary tinnitus.