Acute Bacterial Rhinosinusitis Causes Hyperresponsiveness to Histamine Challenge in Mice | Allergy and Clinical Immunology | JAMA Otolaryngology–Head & Neck Surgery | JAMA Network
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Original Article
October 2005

Acute Bacterial Rhinosinusitis Causes Hyperresponsiveness to Histamine Challenge in Mice

Author Affiliations

Author Affiliations: Department of Surgery, Section of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery, The University of Chicago Hospitals, Chicago, Ill (Drs Klemens, Kirtsreesakul, Luxameechanporn, and Naclerio); Department of Otolaryngology, Prince of Songkla University, Hat Yai, Songkla, Thailand (Dr Kirtsreesakul); and Department of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery, Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand (Dr Luxameechanporn).

Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2005;131(10):905-910. doi:10.1001/archotol.131.10.905

Objectives  To develop a physiologic test of nasal responsiveness in mice and to evaluate whether mice with acute bacterial sinusitis develop nasal hyperresponsiveness.

Design  Several experimental studies will be described. The first was a titration pilot study. The second was a randomized, placebo-controlled study. The remainder were before-and-after trials.

Species  BALB/c or C57BL/6 mice.

Interventions  For these experiments, we exposed mice to histamine intranasally, then counted the number of sneezes and nose rubs as the primary outcome measure of nasal responsiveness. First, we constructed a dose-response curve. Second, we treated the mice with desloratadine, a histamine 1 receptor antagonist, prior to histamine exposure. Third, we challenged, with intranasal histamine, mice made allergic using 2 techniques. Fourth, we infected mice with Streptococcus pneumoniae to determine whether acute sinusitis causes nasal hyperresponsiveness to histamine exposure.

Results  Nasal histamine challenge led to a reproducible, dose-dependent increase in sneezing and nose rubs. The response to histamine exposure was blocked by desloratadine (P≤.05). Allergic mice had a significant increase in responsiveness (P≤.05) over baseline after exposure to antigen. Mice with acute sinusitis had a sustained increase in responsiveness, although less severe than after allergy, compared with baseline values that lasted 12 days after infection (P≤.05).

Conclusions  Nasal challenge with histamine is a physiologic test of nasal responsiveness. The hyperresponsiveness of allergic mice to histamine exposure parallels the response to nonspecific stimuli during the human allergic reaction. In addition, we showed that acute bacterial sinusitis causes nasal hyperresponsiveness in mice.