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Riina N, Ilmari P, Kentala E. Vertigo and Imbalance in Children: A Retrospective Study in a Helsinki University Otorhinolaryngology Clinic. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2005;131(11):996–1000. doi:https://doi.org/10.1001/archotol.131.11.996
To determine medical characteristics of children with vertigo who visited an otorhinolaryngology (ENT) clinic during a 5-year period.
A retrospective chart review carried out between 2000 and 2004.
Helsinki University Central Hospital tertiary referral center ENT clinic.
A total of 119 children (63 girls and 56 boys), ranging in age from 7 months to 17 years (mean age, 10.9 years at examination).
Main Outcome Measures
Patients were identified from the ENT clinic database based on hospital discharge codes, with data stored in the database and the SPSS program applied for statistical analysis.
Only 0.7% of children visiting the hospital during the 5-year period had vertigo. Benign paroxysmal vertigo of childhood, migraine-associated dizziness, vestibular neuronitis, and otitis media–related dizziness accounted for vertigo in most of the children.
Vertigo is a rare primary complaint of children in an ENT clinic. In achieving a diagnosis, the most valuable tools are medical history, an otoneurologic examination, electronystagmography, and audiography.
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