To study operative flow, Shah and colleagues designed an observational quality improvement initiative among 41 pediatric patients undergoing direct laryngoscopy and bronchoscopy. During each encounter, trained medical students completed an audit tool containing 144 fields on timing of the case, preoperative preparation, operative flow, and operating room personnel assessment.
Weinstein and colleagues evaluate the effectiveness of transorbital robotic surgery for local control of oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma.
Ramadan and colleagues assess surgical outcomes in children undergoing sinus balloon catheter dilation and for whom previous adenoidectomy has failed.
Hypothesizing that black and Hispanic patients with locally advanced laryngeal cancers are less likely to undergo larynx preservation treatment than their white counterparts, Hou et al identified patients with stage III and stage IV, nonmetastatic laryngeal cancer from the Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results database and analyzed trends in the use of larynx-preservation.
Canis and coauthors evaluated the impact of elective selective neck dissection vs observation on regional recurrence and survival in cN0-staged patients after transoral microscopic laser surgery of squamous cell carcinomas of the upper aerodigestive tract.
Perkins and coauthors determined whether ipsilateral radiotherapy affects overall survival, cause-specific survival, or local control in patients with unknown primary of the head and neck compared with comprehensive radiotherapy.
Knowles et al investigate the feasibility of ultrasonographic imaging of head and neck cancer with targeted contrast agents both in vitro and in vivo and hypothesize that conjugation of microbubble contrast agent to tumor-specific antibodies may improve detection.
Tezal and coauthors evaluate the association between chronic local inflammation and human papillomavirus (HPV) status of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma in a retrospective case-control study of 124 patients.
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