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March 2014, Vol 140, No. 3, Pages 187-280

In This Issue of JAMA Otolaryngology

Highlights

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2014;140(3):187. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2013.4280
Viewpoint

Artificial Intelligence: The Future of Medicine?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2014;140(3):191. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2013.6465
Original Investigation

Hoarseness and Laryngopharyngeal Reflux: A Survey of Primary Care Physician Practice Patterns

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2014;140(3):192-196. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2013.6533

Ruiz et al examine how PCPs manage patients with dysphonia, especially with regard to laryngopharyngeal reflux. They performed a prospective, questionnaire-based study among academic PCPs from all major US geographic regions. The web-based survey, distributed via e-mail, concerned management and possible empirical treatment options.

Safety of Adult Tonsillectomy: A Population-Level Analysis of 5968 Patients

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2014;140(3):197-202. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2013.6215

Chen et al characterize the mortality, complication, and reoperation rate in adult tonsillectomy.

Causes and Treatment of Mandibular and Condylar Fractures in Children and Adolescents: A Review of 104 Cases

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2014;140(3):203-207. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2013.6300

Shi and colleagues review the clinical characteristics and management of children and adolescents treated for mandibular fractures at their hospital from 2005 to 2012.

Cadaveric Feasibility Study of da Vinci Si–Assisted Cochlear Implant With Augmented Visual Navigation for Otologic Surgery

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2014;140(3):208-214. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2013.6443

Liu et al perform a cadaveric feasibility study of a master-slave–assisted cochlear implant procedure using the da Vinci Si Surgical System.

Feasibility and Mortality of Airway Balloon Dilation in a Live Rabbit Model

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2014;140(3):215-219. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2013.6541

Visaya and coauthors determine the feasibility and safety of airway balloon dilation in live rabbits using a range of balloon diameters and pressures.

Propranolol Therapy for Reducing the Number of Nasal Infantile Hemangioma Invasive Procedures

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2014;140(3):220-227. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2013.6524

Perkins et al determine if propranolol treatment is associated with fewer invasive treatments for nasal infantile hemangioma.

The Role of Laryngoscopy in the Diagnosis of Spasmodic Dysphonia

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2014;140(3):228-232. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2013.6450

Daraei et al assess whether the diagnosis of spasmodic dysphonia can be accurately predicted through auditory cues alone without the assistance of visual cues offered by laryngoscopic examination.

A Retrospective Review of the Progression of Pediatric Vocal Fold Nodules

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2014;140(3):233-236. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2013.6378

Nardone et al characterize the rate of change in the size of pediatric vocal fold nodules over time and identify which factors affect increased rates of improvement in vocal fold nodule size.

Comparison of 2 Techniques of Tracheocutaneous Fistula Closure: Analysis of Outcomes and Health Care Use

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2014;140(3):237-242. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2013.6521

Wine et al compare outcomes and health care use for 2 techniques of tracheocutaneous fistula (TCF) repair among 50 consecutive patients aged 11 to 216 months between 2007 and 2012. Tracheocutaneous fistula closure was achieved using excision of the TCF alone and healing by secondary intent or excision of the TCF plus primary closure over a drain.

Manual Dexterity Aptitude Testing: A Soap Carving Study

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2014;140(3):243-249. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2013.6456

Tang et al determine whether manual dexterity aptitude testing in the form of soap carving during otolaryngology residency interviews at Kaiser Permanente Oakland Medical Center predicts surgical skill at the time of graduation from otolaryngology residency programs.

Case Report/Case Series

Persistent Spontaneous Nystagmus Following a Canalith Repositioning Procedure in Horizontal Semicircular Canal Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2014;140(3):250-252. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2013.6207

Ko et al evaluated a 52-year-old woman with a history of geotropic variant of horizontal semicircular canal benign paroxysmal positional vertigo on the right side who had been treated with a modified Lempert maneuver 3 months earlier.

Review

Nasal Packing After Septoplasty: Cardiopulmonary Impact

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2014;140(3):253-258. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2013.6335

Banglawala et al evaluate the cardiopulmonary risks associated with bilateral anterior nasal packing.

What an Otolaryngologist Should Know About Evaluation of a Child Referred for Delay in Speech Development

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2014;140(3):259-265. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2013.6368

Tonn and Grundfast provide a structured differential and resource guide for the major causes of speech delay in young children.

Clinical Problem Solving

Pathology

A Mass on the Nasal Dorsum

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2014;140(3):267-268. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2013.6189

Pathology

Nontender Mass on the Right Side of the Neck

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2014;140(3):269-270. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2013.6293

Pathology

Swelling Affecting the Left Inferior Labial Mucosa

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2014;140(3):271-272. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2013.6361

Radiology

Pediatric Neck Mass

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2014;140(3):273-274. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2013.6196

Radiology

Neck Mass in an Adolescent Male

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2014;140(3):275-276. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2013.6230
Comment & Response

Obesity and Laryngopharyngeal Reflux as Risk Factors of Lingual Tonsil Hypertrophy in Patients With Sleep-Disordered Breathing: Validity of the Statistical Approach

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2014;140(3):279-280. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2013.6453

Obesity and Laryngopharyngeal Reflux as Risk Factors of Lingual Tonsil Hypertrophy in Patients With Sleep-Disordered Breathing—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2014;140(3):279-280. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2013.6468
Correction

Incorrect Figure Caption

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2014;140(3):280. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2014.131
JAMA Otolaryngology–Head & Neck Surgery Masthead

JAMA Otolaryngology–Head & Neck Surgery

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2014;140(3):188. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2013.4281
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