[Skip to Navigation]

August 2021 - January 1925

Decade

Year

Issue

February 2015, Vol 141, No. 2, Pages 99-193

In This Issue of JAMA Otolaryngology

Highlights

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2015;141(2):99. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2014.2137
Original Investigation

Interdisciplinary Pediatric Aerodigestive Care and Reduction in Health Care Costs and Burden

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2015;141(2):101-105. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2014.3057

This retrospective medical record review found that coordination of interdisciplinary pediatric aerodigestive care resulted in a reduction in hospital charges through reduction in clinic- and anesthesia-related visits.

Public Insurance and Timing of Polysomnography and Surgical Care for Children With Sleep-Disordered Breathing

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2015;141(2):106-111. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2014.3085

This retrospective cohort analysis finds that children with public insurance experienced longer intervals from initial evaluation to recommended polysomnography or surgery.

An Analysis of Common Indications for Bronchoscopy in Neonates and Findings Over a 10-Year Period

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2015;141(2):112-119. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2014.3198

This retrospective case series of neonates undergoing microdirect laryngoscopy and bronchoscopy found respiratory distress and stridor to be the most common presentations, and laryngomalacia and subglottic stenosis, the most common findings.

Inpatient Observation for Elective Decannulation of Pediatric Patients With Tracheostomy

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2015;141(2):120-125. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2014.3013

This retrospective review found that 9% of children with tracheostomy who were hospitalized for elective decannulation were unable to tolerate decannulation; failure may be more common in younger patients and patients with a diagnosis of vocal fold paralysis.

Treatment of Juvenile Recurrent Parotitis of Childhood: An Analysis of Effectiveness

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2015;141(2):126-129. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2014.3036

In this retrospective review and telephone survey, Roby et al conclude that juvenile recurrent parotitis can be treated effectively with ductal corticosteroid infusion alone, which can be beneficial at institutions where pediatric sialendoscopy equipment is not available.

The Use of Clinical Parameters to Predict Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome Severity in Children: The Childhood Adenotonsillectomy (CHAT) Study Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2015;141(2):130-136. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2014.3049

This study of more than 450 children with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) identifies a number of clinical parameters that are associated with OSAS severity. However, information on demographics, physical findings, and questionnaire responses does not robustly discriminate different levels of OSAS severity.

The Role of Adjuvant Therapy in the Management of Head and Neck Merkel Cell Carcinoma: An Analysis of 4815 Patients

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2015;141(2):137-141. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2014.3052

This retrospective review found that adjuvant chemoradiotherapy in head and neck Merkel cell carcinoma may help improve survival in high-risk patients, such as men and those with positive margins and larger tumors.

Indications and Outcomes for Use of Montgomery Cannulas

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2015;141(2):142-147. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2014.3079

This retrospective review found that 15 of 20 patients were able to use the Montgomery cannula successfully, including 4 who used it as a step-down management tool for decannulation.

Effect of Haemophilus influenzae Exposure on Staphylococcus aureus Tympanostomy Tube Attachment and Biofilm Formation

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2015;141(2):148-153. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2014.3208

This controlled, in vitro microbiological study found that live Haemophilus influenzae may promote Staphylococcus aureus attachment on tympanostomy tubes.

Taking a Fresh Look at the Skull Base in Otorhinolaryngology With Web-Based Simulation: Student’s Interactive Skull-Base Trainer (SISTer)

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2015;141(2):154-159. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2014.3041

This pilot approach was used to implement a useful and is now a well-accepted tool for blended learning. It is possible to raise interest even in this very specialized subspecialty of otorhinolaryngology with overall individual learning benefit for the students. There is a demand for more e-learning and web-based simulation to support the existing curricula in a hybrid, blended way.

Quantitative Description of Eustachian Tube Movements During Swallowing as Visualized by Transnasal Videoendoscopy

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2015;141(2):160-168. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2014.3002

Alper et al present an analytic method for abstracting quantitative information from transnasal videoendoscopic recordings of eustachian tube (ET) component movements during swallowing and translating that information into a description of the mechanics of planar ET component movements during a swallow.

Improvements in Survival and Disparities for Advanced-Stage Laryngeal Cancer

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2015;141(2):169-173. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2014.2998

Louisiana State University Health–Shreveport treated more uninsured patients with advanced-stage laryngeal cancer compared with national data but demonstrated higher survival rates for those with advanced-stage disease. The results also demonstrate a high rate of primary surgical therapy for advanced-stage disease, despite the national trend toward organ preservation. Upfront laryngectomy may explain their higher survival rates for patients with advanced-stage laryngeal cancer.

Case Report/Case Series

Midline Approach to Pediatric Nasofrontal Dermoid Cysts

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2015;141(2):174-177. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2014.3185

This retrospective case series found that vertical midline incision with modifications to excise involved skin provides a cosmetically sound approach to congenital lesions of the nasofrontal region.

Clinical Problem Solving

Pathology

Laryngeal Mass

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2015;141(2):179-180. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2014.3009

This case report describes a woman with exacerbation of shortness of breath, cough, sore throat, bloody sputum, and dysphagia and a left epiglottic expansile homogenic mass abutting the left pyriform sinus on magnetic resonance imaging. What is your diagnosis?

Pathology

A Diffusely Hardened Thyroid Gland and Multiple Neck Lymphadenopathies

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2015;141(2):181-182. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2014.3171

In this case report, a man presents with neck swelling. A diffusely hardened thyroid gland, multiple neck lymphadenopathies, multiple cervical lymph nodes, and diffuse thyroid heterogeneity with a low-density nodule in the right lobe were found. What is the diagnosis?

Radiology

Complex Cerebellopontine Angle Mass in a Patient With a History of Falls

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2015;141(2):183-184. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2014.3178

In this case report a woman in her 50s presented to the emergency department after a fall. She reported being clumsy her entire life, though with worsening difficulty with balance over the past few years. She occasionally had falls, which were sometimes preceded by vertigo and “shaking” episodes. The lateral soft-tissue density component of the mass extended through a widened porus acusticus and into the internal auditory canal. What is the diagnosis?

Bilateral Vocal Fold Immobility

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2015;141(2):185-186. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2014.3192

This case report describes a man injured in a motor vehicle accident who presented 1 year later with complaints of hoarseness since intubation. He felt short of breath at the end of sentences and had undergone a neurosurgical procedure after the accident and was notified by the anesthesiologist that he was a difficult intubation. What is your diagnosis?

Research Letter

Seasonality of Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2015;141(2):188-189. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2014.2941
Comment & Response

A Critical Appraisal of Ventilation Tube Insertion in Children With Cleft Palate

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2015;141(2):189-190. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.35

A Critical Appraisal of Ventilation Tube Insertion in Children With Cleft Palate—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2015;141(2):190. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.38
Peer Reviewers List

JAMA Otolaryngology–Head & Neck Surgery Peer Reviewers in 2014

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2015;141(2):191-193. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.13
JAMA Otolaryngology–Head & Neck Surgery Masthead

JAMA Otolaryngology–Head & Neck Surgery

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2015;141(2):100. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2014.2138
×