This medical record review reports statistically significant improvement in several QOL outcomes among patients with oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma who underwent transoral robotic surgery without adjuvant therapy.
This cross-sectional analysis of a large database population of adults and children with chronic rhinosinusitis found that the patient’s type of medical insurance did not affect the quality of care received.
This systematic review finds that reoperation is presently superior to percutaneous ethanol injection (PEI) for treatment of recurrent papillary thyroid cancer and should remain the standard of care, but PEI is a potentially effective nonsurgical treatment option for select patients.
In this retrospective cohort study at a tertiary academic center of a total of 332 patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma, compliance with posttreatment surveillance was associated with smoking cessation and traveling less than 200 miles for follow-up.
The sinus balloon catheter dilation procedure is a safe and effective technique for pediatric chronic rhinosinusitis resistant to medical therapy.
In assessing the value of the endoscopic approach using tragal cartilage in pediatric tympanoplasty, this prospective study demonstrates significant anatomical and functional success that is comparable to other techniques but with a shorter operation duration.
This retrospective study found that measurement of the maxillary-nasal angle in newborns with congenital nasal pyriform aperture stenosis may be helpful in identifying which patients should undergo surgical intervention.
The PIK3CA mutations within the authors’ engineered cell model did not lead to enhanced oncogene-dependent cell death when treated with direct inhibition of the PI3K enzyme yet did show increased sensitivity compared with control with dual PI3K/mTOR inhibition. Additional study is required to develop new model systems and approaches to determine the role of targeted therapy in the treatment of PI3K-overactive HNSCC tumors.
This study explores the correlations between acoustic rhinometry, subjective symptoms, and endoscopic findings in children with nasal obstruction, finding that endoscopy appears to be the most reliable tool to estimate the degree of subjective nasal symptoms.
This retrospective review reports that in select cases of vocal fold motion impairment, medialization laryngoplasty can relieve pain related to voice use, even in the absence of significant hoarseness.
An emergent lateral canthotomy and cantholysis followed by endoscopic medial wall decompression were performed. There are only rare reports of the progression of intraocular pressure prior to, and concurrent with, surgical orbital decompression. Availability of tonometry in the operating room serves to measure response to management in these rare but challenging settings where intervention may be required to prevent irreversible visual loss.
This special communication outlines the key medical elements and ethical considerations in the management incidentally detected thyroid nodules and thyroid cancer.
In this case report, a woman presented with dysphagia and frequent throat clearing. A right pyriform sinus mass was seen on fiber-optic laryngoscopy. Both CT and MRI confirmed the finding of a hypopharyngeal mass. Immunohistochemical stains revealed tumor cells that were focally positive for myogenin and diffusely positive for desmin and myoglobin. An MRI scan obtained postoperatively demonstrated a persistent mass or swelling. What is the diagnosis?
A patient presented with a 10-cm right-sided facial mass extending under the auricle from the mastoid to the zygoma and inferiorly to the angle of the mandible. A core biopsy specimen demonstrated a spindle cell proliferation with abundant collagen that stained focally with CD34, smooth muscle actin, and bcl-2. What is the diagnosis?
A man had an 8-month history of right-sided nasal congestion and rhinorrhea. He had developed progressive right-sided facial swelling, pain, blurred vision, and weight loss. A CT scan showed complete opacification and an invasive process in the right maxillary sinus. An endoscopic maxillary antrostomy and biopsy showed inflammatory changes and fungal organisms consistent with Aspergillus species. What is the diagnosis?
A man with a history of smoking choked easily and had experienced a foreign body sensation in his throat. A laryngeal mass was removed through transoral laser microsurgery. The tumor was at the submucosa with focally ulcerated overlying epithelium. It was composed of adipocytes of various sizes in a fibromyxoid background. What is the diagnosis?
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