This Viewpoint compares efficacy and cost of 2 forms of intervention in treating subcentimeter papillary thyroid cancer—thyroidectomy vs active surveillance.
This survey study found that preteen children with involuted, untreated facial infantile facial hemangiomas (IHs) have higher Social Anxiety domain scores in new situations and decreased Social Initiative domain scores compared with children who receive treatment for facial IH.
In this review of the medical records of adults who underwent open airway reconstruction, all patients returned to preoperative diet, but those without stents had shorter duration of dysphagia symptoms than those with stents.
This cohort study quantifies polysomnography and clinical outcomes of intracapsular and extracapsular tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy for treatment of pediatric obstructive sleep apnea syndrome.
In this cross-sectional analysis of Nationwide Inpatient Sample thyroidectomy data, procedures performed by higher-volume surgeons were associated with fewer complications and lower cost.
This study examines the current role of rigid esophagoscopy in evaluating patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma.
This medical record review identifies potential factors in successful microvascular mandibular reconstruction without an elective tracheotomy.
This case series uses medical record review data to describe clinical outcomes for patients undergoing surgical repair of congenital aural atresia and hypoplasia.
This meta-analysis assesses postoperative improvement in the apnea-hypopnea index and/or respiratory disturbance index in a population of patients undergoing maxillomandibular advancement for obstructive sleep apnea.
This population-based study uses SEER data to assess 5- and 10-year survival rates among US patients with carcinoma of the minor salivary gland.
This study evaluates the sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of transcutaneous laryngeal ultrasonography and flexible fiberoptic laryngoscopy for the assessment of vocal fold function in nonoverweight and overweight/obese patients undergoing thyroid and parathyroid surgery.
This review summarizes the use of 18F-fludeoxyglucose–positron emission tomography/computed tomography in staging, therapy planning, evaluating therapy response, detecting recurrence, and predicting prognosis in patients with oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma.
This narrative review summarizes the rationale, use, and development of performance measures in otolaryngology–head and neck surgery.
A CT scan of the neck of a woman who had slowly enlarging neck mass showed a cystic neck mass in the left floor of mouth; a core biopsy specimen showed a well-differentiated papillary neoplasm with hyalinized fibrovascular cores and degenerative changes. What is your diagnosis?
An elderly man had discharge, hearing loss, granulation tissue, inflammatory mucosa, and a polypoid soft-tissue mass with purulent discharge in his left ear. What is your diagnosis?
A young girl with a 10-day history of otitis media and fevers was found to have a bulging, hyperemic left tympanic membrane and fullness of the postauricular, upper cervical region. What is your diagnosis?
A teenage girl experienced loss of smell; she failed the Penn smell tests, and MRI of the anterior skull base demonstrated absent olfactory sulci and bilateral olfactory grooves containing minimal tissue. What is your diagnosis?
A young man had a small opening in his neck that produced chronic purulent discharge; CT revealed infiltration of the subcutaneous tissues of the neck anterior to the strap muscle and a small tract that extended from the skin to the left strap muscles. What is your diagnosis?
This case report describes a patient with refractory headache with incidental bilateral nasopharyngeal cysts later confirmed to be mucopyoceles.
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