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July 2019 - January 1925

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Issue

January 2016, Vol 142, No. 1, Pages 5-103

In This Issue of JAMA Otolaryngology

Highlights

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(1):5. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.1779
Viewpoint

Thyroidectomy vs Active Surveillance for Subcentimeter Papillary Thyroid Cancers—The Cost Conundrum

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(1):9-10. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.2852

This Viewpoint compares efficacy and cost of 2 forms of intervention in treating subcentimeter papillary thyroid cancer—thyroidectomy vs active surveillance.

Editorial

A New Era for the Journal

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(1):11-12. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.3471
Original Investigation

Social Impact of Facial Infantile Hemangiomas in Preteen Children

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(1):13-19. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.2597

This survey study found that preteen children with involuted, untreated facial infantile facial hemangiomas (IHs) have higher Social Anxiety domain scores in new situations and decreased Social Initiative domain scores compared with children who receive treatment for facial IH.

Dysphagia Following Airway Reconstruction in Adults

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(1):20-24. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.2562

In this review of the medical records of adults who underwent open airway reconstruction, all patients returned to preoperative diet, but those without stents had shorter duration of dysphagia symptoms than those with stents.

Intracapsular and Extracapsular Tonsillectomy and Adenoidectomy in Pediatric Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(1):25-31. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.2603

This cohort study quantifies polysomnography and clinical outcomes of intracapsular and extracapsular tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy for treatment of pediatric obstructive sleep apnea syndrome.

Association of Surgeon Volume With Outcomes and Cost Savings Following Thyroidectomy: A National Forecast

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(1):32-39. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.2503

In this cross-sectional analysis of Nationwide Inpatient Sample thyroidectomy data, procedures performed by higher-volume surgeons were associated with fewer complications and lower cost.

Rigid Esophagoscopy for Head and Neck Cancer Staging and the Incidence of Synchronous Esophageal Malignant Neoplasms

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(1):40-45. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.2815

This study examines the current role of rigid esophagoscopy in evaluating patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma.

Factors in Successful Elimination of Elective Tracheotomy in Mandibular Reconstruction With Microvascular Tissue

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(1):46-51. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.2845

This medical record review identifies potential factors in successful microvascular mandibular reconstruction without an elective tracheotomy.

Surgical and Audiometric Outcomes for Repair of Congenital Aural Atresia and Hypoplasia

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(1):52-57. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.2713

This case series uses medical record review data to describe clinical outcomes for patients undergoing surgical repair of congenital aural atresia and hypoplasia.

Maxillomandibular Advancement for Treatment of Obstructive Sleep Apnea: A Meta-analysis

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(1):58-66. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.2678

This meta-analysis assesses postoperative improvement in the apnea-hypopnea index and/or respiratory disturbance index in a population of patients undergoing maxillomandibular advancement for obstructive sleep apnea.

Five- and 10-Year Cause-Specific Survival Rates in Carcinoma of the Minor Salivary Gland

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(1):67-73. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.2805

This population-based study uses SEER data to assess 5- and 10-year survival rates among US patients with carcinoma of the minor salivary gland.

Assessment of Vocal Fold Function Using Transcutaneous Laryngeal Ultrasonography and Flexible Laryngoscopy

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(1):74-78. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.2795

This study evaluates the sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of transcutaneous laryngeal ultrasonography and flexible fiberoptic laryngoscopy for the assessment of vocal fold function in nonoverweight and overweight/obese patients undergoing thyroid and parathyroid surgery.

Review

Use of 18F-Fludeoxyglucose–Positron Emission Tomography/Computed Tomography for Patient Management and Outcome in Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma: A Review

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(1):79-85. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.2607

This review summarizes the use of 18F-fludeoxyglucose–positron emission tomography/computed tomography in staging, therapy planning, evaluating therapy response, detecting recurrence, and predicting prognosis in patients with oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma.

Understanding Quality Measures in Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(1):86-90. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.2687

This narrative review summarizes the rationale, use, and development of performance measures in otolaryngology–head and neck surgery.

Clinical Challenge

Pathology

Floor of Mouth Mass

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(1):91-92. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.2671

A CT scan of the neck of a woman who had slowly enlarging neck mass showed a cystic neck mass in the left floor of mouth; a core biopsy specimen showed a well-differentiated papillary neoplasm with hyalinized fibrovascular cores and degenerative changes. What is your diagnosis?

Pathology

An Unusual Outcome After Mastoidectomy

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(1):93-94. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.2798

An elderly man had discharge, hearing loss, granulation tissue, inflammatory mucosa, and a polypoid soft-tissue mass with purulent discharge in his left ear. What is your diagnosis?

Radiology

A Child With a Bulging Hyperemic Tympanic Membrane

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(1):95-96. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.2718

A young girl with a 10-day history of otitis media and fevers was found to have a bulging, hyperemic left tympanic membrane and fullness of the postauricular, upper cervical region. What is your diagnosis?

Radiology

Diminished Smell in a Teenaged Girl

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(1):97-98. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.2810

A teenage girl experienced loss of smell; she failed the Penn smell tests, and MRI of the anterior skull base demonstrated absent olfactory sulci and bilateral olfactory grooves containing minimal tissue. What is your diagnosis?

Radiology

A Young Man With Chronic Discharge From the Skin of the Lateral Neck

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(1):99-100. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.3044

A young man had a small opening in his neck that produced chronic purulent discharge; CT revealed infiltration of the subcutaneous tissues of the neck anterior to the strap muscle and a small tract that extended from the skin to the left strap muscles. What is your diagnosis?

Observation

Bilateral Mucopyocele of the Torus Tubarius Presenting as Headache

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(1):101-102. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.2568

This case report describes a patient with refractory headache with incidental bilateral nasopharyngeal cysts later confirmed to be mucopyoceles.

Comment & Response

Caution Against Overinvestigation of Small Thyroid Nodules

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(1):102-103. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.2905

Caution Against Overinvestigation of Small Thyroid Nodules—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(1):103. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.2908
JAMA Otolaryngology–Head & Neck Surgery Masthead

JAMA Otolaryngology–Head & Neck Surgery

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(1):7. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.1780
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