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December 2021 - January 1925

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February 2016, Vol 142, No. 2, Pages 111-195

In This Issue of JAMA Otolaryngology

Highlights

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(2):111. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.1785
Viewpoint

The American Thyroid Association Guidelines on Voice Assessment—Have We Done Enough?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(2):115-116. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.3222

This Viewpoint examines new American Thyroid Association guidelines that recommend a preoperative voice assessment for all patients undergoing thyroid surgery and suggests that the guidelines are deficient in their selective approach to preoperative and postoperative laryngeal examination.

Original Investigation

Primidone Therapy for Essential Vocal Tremor

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(2):117-121. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.2849

This medical record review evaluates the efficacy of primidone in the treatment of essential vocal tremor.

Patterns of Hospital Use and Regionalization of Inpatient Pediatric Adenotonsillectomy

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(2):122-126. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.2935

This study of Nationwide Inpatient Sample data determines whether regionalization of inpatient pediatric adenotonsillectomies has occurred with respect to teaching hospital status and the proportion of patients using Medicaid as the primary payer.

A Critical Period in Postnatal Neuroplasticity of Olfaction: A Pediatric Tracheostomy Model

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(2):127-131. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.2946

This pilot study examines olfactory deficits from early chronic tracheostomy following decannulation and explores whether there is a critical period in the postnatal development and neuroplasticity of olfaction.

Inpatient Nursing and Parental Comfort in Managing Pediatric Tracheostomy Care and Emergencies

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(2):132-137. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.3050

This survey study investigated nurse and parental comfort in managing acute and established tracheostomy tubes in pediatric patients.

Alteration in Bacterial Culture After Treatment With Topical Mupirocin for Recalcitrant Chronic Rhinosinusitis

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(2):138-142. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.3059

This study assesses changes in microbiologic culture results before and after topical mupirocin therapy in patients with medically and surgically refractory chronic rhinosinusitis.

Use of Bronchoscopy in Percutaneous Dilational Tracheostomy

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(2):143-149. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.3123

This cohort study evaluates the use of bronchoscopy for placement of percutaneous dilation tracheostomy, focusing on postprocedural complications and hospital length of stay.

Effectiveness of Powered Intracapsular Tonsillectomy in Children With Severe Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(2):150-156. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.3126

This case series study assesses the effectiveness of powered intracapsular tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy in patients with severe obstructive sleep apnea as evidenced by polysomnographic parameter changes.

Economic and Demographic Characteristics of Cerumen Extraction Claims to Medicare

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(2):157-161. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.3129

This cross-sectional study quantifies the cost burden and health care burden of cerumen extraction among Medicare recipients in the United States.

Prevalence and Risk Factors of Chronic Rhinosinusitus, Allergic Rhinitis, and Nasal Septal Deviation: Results of the Korean National Health and Nutrition Survey 2008-2012

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(2):162-167. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.3142

This cross-sectional study of a Korean population examines the prevalence and risk factors of chronic rhinosinusitis, allergic rhinitis, and nasal septal deviation.

Classification of Cholesteatoma According to Growth Patterns

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(2):168-172. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.3148

This cross-sectional comparative study of 414 ears classifies cholesteatomas into subtypes and describes their prevalence.

Histopathologic Evaluation of Vascular Findings in the Cochlea in Patients With Presbycusis

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(2):173-178. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.3163

This analysis of age-related histopathologic changes of the stria vascularis and vessels in the cochlea compares autopsy reports of temporal bones of patients with presbycusis and a control group with normal hearing.

Invited Commentary

Pragmatic Use of Polysomnography in Snoring Children

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(2):181-182. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.2951
Clinical Controversies in Otolaryngology

The Role of Sleep Studies in Children Who Snore

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(2):179-181. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.1

This clinical review examines sleep studies, the only validated method of diagnosing obstructive sleep apnea, and determines if they are essential for children with tonsillar hypertrophy who snore and have symptoms of sleep-disordered breathing.

Clinical Challenge

Pathology

Rapidly Growing Lateral Neck Mass

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(2):185-186. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.2928

A man in his 50s has a rapidly enlarging neck mass and recent weight loss; flexible laryngoscopy reveals reduced movement of the vocal cord, laryngeal deviation, and asymmetry and CT reveals a well-vascularized mass. What is your diagnosis?

Pathology

A Mass Involving the Buccal Branch of the Facial Nerve

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(2):187-188. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.3077

A 14-year-old girl had an asymptomatic, painless, slowly growing, invisible but palpable nodule in the cheek, and, after excision, light microscopy showed a septated, multilobular lesion with a myxoid stroma, cell nesting, and variable cellularity. What is your diagnosis?

Radiology

A Woman With Recurrent Unilateral Epistaxis

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(2):189-192. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.2939

A woman presented with recurrent right-sided epistaxis; maxillofacial CT without contrast demonstrated a mass in the right anterior nasal cavity, and there was no evidence of bony erosion or infiltration of the maxillary sinus. What is your diagnosis?

Radiology

Respiratory Distress in a Neonate

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(2):191-192. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.3118

A neonate had respiratory distress requiring endotracheal intubation, zygomatic hypoplasia, micrognathia, and bilateral grade III microtia with atresia of the external auditory canals, mild decrease in RV systolic function, and elevated pulmonary artery pressures. What is your diagnosis?

Observation

A Patient With DNMT1 Gene Mutation Presenting With Polyneuropathy, Hearing Loss, and Personality Changes

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(2):193-194. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.3137

This case report highlights the pattern of hearing loss in patients with hereditary sensory and autonomic neuropathie type 1E.

Comment & Response

Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation and Tinnitus—Still a Noisy Issue

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(2):194-195. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.2954
JAMA Otolaryngology–Head & Neck Surgery Masthead

JAMA Otolaryngology–Head & Neck Surgery

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(2):179-181. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.1786
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