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April 2019 - January 1925

Decade

Year

Issue

April 2016, Vol 142, No. 4, Pages 307-408

In This Issue of JAMA Otolaryngology

Highlights

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(4):307. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.1797
Viewpoint

Introducing SQUIRE 2.0, the Updated Publication Guidelines for Scientific Reporting of Health Care Improvement Projects: What the Guidelines Mean for Otolaryngologists

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(4):311-312. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.3639

This Viewpoint discusses how the SQUIRE 2.0 guidelines provide a framework for reporting research on health care improvement.

Original Investigation

Exploration for an Algorithm for Deintensification to Exclude the Retropharyngeal Site From Advanced Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma Treatment

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(4):313-318. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.3602

This study evaluates the prevalence of pathologic retropharyngeal adenopathy in oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma relative to involvement of the oropharyngeal subsite, number of metastatic neck nodes, T classification, and N classification.

Development and Feasibility of a Specialty-Specific National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP): The Head and Neck–Reconstructive Surgery NSQIP

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(4):321-327. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.3608

This study describes the adaptation of the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program for complex head and neck oncologic surgical procedures.

Fluorescence Identification of Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma and High-Risk Oral Dysplasia With BLZ-100, a Chlorotoxin-Indocyanine Green Conjugate

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(4):330-338. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.3617

This study uses an orthotopic xenograft mouse model to examine BLZ-100 uptake in human HNSCC tumor xenografts and determine the sensitivity and specificity of this uptake.

Usefulness of Upper Airway Endoscopy in the Evaluation of Pediatric Pulmonary Aspiration

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(4):339-343. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.3923

This medical record review of children who experienced pulmonary aspiration at a tertiary referral children’s hospital assesses the ability of direct laryngoscopy and bronchoscopy under general anesthesia to detect aspiration-related airway lesions and identifies clinical characteristics associated with airway lesions.

Postoperative Complications in Pediatric Tonsillectomy and Adenoidectomy in Ambulatory vs Inpatient Settings

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(4):344-350. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.3634

This database review compares rates of postoperative complications in pediatric patients undergoing tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy in inpatient vs ambulatory settings in the state of California.

Development of a Statistical Model for the Prediction of Common Vestibular Diagnoses

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(4):351-356. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.3663

This survey study develops a statistical model for predicting vestibular diagnoses, prior to clinical evaluation, from an intake questionnaire.

Investigation of Postoperative Oral Fluid Intake as a Predictor of Postoperative Emergency Department Visits After Pediatric Tonsillectomy

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(4):357-363. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.3711

This cohort study examines whether the quantity of oral fluid intake before discharge is associated with adverse outcomes following tonsillectomy in pediatric patients.

Quantitative Assessment of Cochlear Histopathologic Findings in Patients With Suppurative Labyrinthitis

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(4):364-369. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.3803

This study evaluates the effects of suppurative labyrinthitis on cochlear elements in archived human temporal bones.

Depression-Specific Outcomes After Treatment of Chronic Rhinosinusitis

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(4):370-376. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.3810

This study examines depression-specific outcomes after medical or surgical treatment of chronic rhinosinusitis.

Accuracy of Ultrasonography-Guided Fine-Needle Aspiration in Detecting Persistent Nodal Disease After Chemoradiotherapy

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(4):377-382. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.3934

This study evaluates the use of ultrasonography-guided fine-needle aspiration to detect lymph node metastasis in patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma who completed chemoradiotherapy.

Association of Caffeine and Hearing Recovery After Acoustic Overstimulation Events in a Guinea Pig Model

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(4):383-388. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.3938

This laboratory study assesses whether daily caffeine intake impairs hearing recovery in a guinea pig model of exposure to acoustic overstimulation events.

Invited Commentary

The Significance of Retropharyngeal Nodes in Treatment Deintensification

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(4):319-320. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.0122

The Importance and Challenges of a Specialty-Specific National Surgical Quality Improvement Program for Head and Neck Surgery

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(4):328-329. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.0127

Clinical Controversies in Otolaryngology

Zenker Diverticulum and Clinical Controversies in Otolaryngology: Which Surgical Approach Is Superior?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(4):403-404. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.3387
Review

The Effect of Earplugs in Preventing Hearing Loss From Recreational Noise Exposure: A Systematic Review

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(4):389-394. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.3667

This systematic review assesses the effect of earplugs at preventing hearing loss from exposure to recreational noise such as concerts.

Clinical Controversies in Otolaryngology

Zenker Diverticulum—Which Surgical Approach Is Superior?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(4):401-403. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.3892

This discussion weighs the pros and cons of endoscopic endoscopic diverticulostomy vs open diverticulectomy for the treatment of Zenker diverticulum.

Clinical Challenge

Radiology

An Uncommon Lesion of the Otic Capsule

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(4):395-396. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.3296

A man in his 40s presented with a gradual-onset, left-sided hearing loss with a whistling tinnitus and occasional sharp otalgia; examination showed a smooth mass behind the left tympanic membrane. What is your diagnosis?

Pathology

Rapidly Growing Vascular Mass Within the Thyroid

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(4):397-398. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.3282

A woman with multinodular goiter was referred for exertional dyspnea and chest discomfort; CT revealed significant growth in a small time interval, and PET/CT was showed increased metabolic activity in the mass. What is your diagnosis?

Endoscopy

A Laryngeal Lesion

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(4):399-400. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.3782

A woman in her 90s had worsening hoarseness; flexible nasolaryngoscopy revealed normal abduction and adduction of the vocal folds with a white sessile lesion starting at the right midfold on the superior and medial surfaces that crossed the midline to involve the entire left vocal fold. What is your diagnosis?

Research Letter

Morbidity and Mortality Associated With Robotic Head and Neck Surgery: An Inquiry of the Food and Drug Administration Manufacturer and User Facility Device Experience Database

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(4):405-406. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.3673

This review of data from the Food and Drug Administration Manufacturer and User Facility Device Experience Database investigates the rates of morbidity and mortality associated with robotic head and neck surgery since 2009.

Comment & Response

Ethical Considerations When Counseling Patients With Thyroid Cancer About Surgery vs Observation

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(4):406-407. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.0038

Ethical Considerations When Counseling Patients With Thyroid Cancer About Surgery vs Observation—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(4):407-408. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.0041
JAMA Otolaryngology–Head & Neck Surgery Masthead

JAMA Otolaryngology–Head & Neck Surgery

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(4):309. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.1798
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