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May 2016, Vol 142, No. 5, Pages 417-505

In This Issue of JAMA Otolaryngology

Highlights

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(5):417. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.1803
Viewpoint

Utility of Diagnostic Molecular Markers for Evaluation of Indeterminate Thyroid Nodules

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(5):421-422. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.0142

This Viewpoint discusses the personalization of care and the critical factors in accomplishing this philosophy for patients with differentiated thyroid cancers.

Original Investigation

Measuring Nontechnical Aspects of Surgical Clinician Development in an Otolaryngology Residency Training Program

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(5):423-428. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.3642

This study evaluates use of the Clinical Practice Instrument, a validated tool to assess acquisition of nontechnical aspects of clinical practice ability to measure key diagnostic and treatment skills during residency training.

Association of Compliance With Process-Related Quality Metrics and Improved Survival in Oral Cavity Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(5):430-437. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.3595

This cohort study examines whether compliance with various process-related quality metrics is associated with improved survival in patients with oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma who receive definitive surgery with or without adjuvant therapy.

Efficacy of Coblation Endoscopic Lingual Lightening in Multilevel Surgery for Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(5):438-443. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.3859

This retrospective case-control study evaluates the clinical and polysomnographic outcomes of tongue base reduction using the coblation endoscopic lingual lightening procedure in multilevel surgery for obstructive sleep apnea.

Safety and Efficacy of Intratympanic Ciprofloxacin Otic Suspension in Children With Middle Ear Effusion Undergoing Tympanostomy Tube Placement: Two Randomized Clinical Trials

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(5):444-451. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.0001

These 2 randomized clinical trials investigate the safety and efficacy of a single-dose intratympanic, intraoperative, extended-release, thermosensitive, otic suspension of ciprofloxacin administered to children undergoing tympanostomy tube placement.

Current Pediatric Tertiary Care Admission Practices Following Adenotonsillectomy

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(5):452-456. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.0051

This survey study assesses current group practice patterns associated with the perioperative care of children undergoing adenotonsillectomy at tertiary care children’s hospitals following the release of the 2011 American Academy of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery clinical practice guidelines.

Concordant Oral and Vaginal Human Papillomavirus Infection in the United States

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(5):457-465. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.0064

This cross-sectional study evaluates factors associated with concurrent oral and vaginal human papillomavirus infections in the United States.

Cervical Spine Spondylodiscitis After Esophageal Dilation in Patients With a History of Laryngectomy or Pharyngectomy and Pharyngeal Irradiation

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(5):467-471. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.3038

This case series describes 4 patients with a history of laryngectomy or pharyngectomy and pharyngeal irradiation who developed cervical spine spondylodiscitis following esophageal dilation.

A National Perspective of the Risk, Presentation, and Outcomes of Pediatric Thyroid Cancer

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(5):472-478. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.0104

This cross-sectional study uses data from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample to examine the presentation and outcomes of thyroid cancer in children and adolescents compared with adults.

Functional Nerve Preservation in Extracranial Head and Neck Schwannoma Surgery

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(5):479-483. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.0113

This case-series study examines electromyographic stimulation as a diagnostic and treatment strategy to locate schwannoma tumors and excise them without postoperative nerve damage.

Complications Following Pediatric Tracheotomy

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(5):484-488. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.0173

This 13-year medical record review identifies the type and rate of complications arising from pediatric tracheotomy.

A 20-Year Review of 75 Cases of Salivary Duct Carcinoma

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(5):489-495. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.3930

This retrospective cohort study reviews a single institution’s experience with salivary duct carcinoma over a 20-year period, focusing on demographics, presentation, treatment, and outcome.

Invited Commentary

Use of a Structured Assessment to Measure Nontechnical Aspects of Otolaryngology Residency Training

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(5):429. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.3910

Expanding the Human Papillomavirus Clinical Conversation in Otolaryngology—Risky Business

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(5):465-466. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.0193
Clinical Challenge

Pathology

Headache and Multiple Osteomas

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(5):497-498. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.3275

A young man presented with progressive headache, left periorbital edema and pain, left orbital swelling, and erythema with proptosis; imaging revealed preseptal and postseptal orbital inflammation, bilateral frontal sinus opacification, and left epidural abscess. What is your diagnosis?

Radiology

Supraglottic Mass

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(5):499-500. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.3363

A man in his 50s had a globus sensation in the throat and a 6-month history of throat pain; a CT scan of the neck revealed a submucosal hypodense supraglottic mass on the right side that was compressing the airway, and S100 protein immunostaining was positive. What is your diagnosis?

Radiology

A Case of Diffuse Calcified Airway Nodules

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(5):501-502. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.3952

A woman had an 8-year history of progressive dyspnea associated with nonproductive cough; computed tomography revealed numerous calcified subglottic and tracheal nodules extending from the cricoid to the left mainstem bronchus. What is your diagnosis?

Research Letter

Clinical Characteristics of Parotid Gland Sarcoidosis: A Population-Based Study

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(5):503-504. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.0061

This population-based study describes the epidemiologic features of parotid gland involvement in sarcoidosis, with an emphasis on clinical characteristics, in a geographically well-defined population.

Comment & Response

Inadvertently Omitted Coauthor

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(5):504-505. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.0538
Correction

Author Missing From Byline and Author Contributions and Affiliations Paragraphs

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(5):505. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.0520
JAMA Otolaryngology–Head & Neck Surgery Masthead

JAMA Otolaryngology–Head & Neck Surgery

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(5):419. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.1804
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