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October 2021 - January 1925

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Issue

June 2016, Vol 142, No. 6, Pages 511-611

In This Issue of JAMA Otolaryngology

Highlights

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(6):511. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.1809
Viewpoint

Preoperative Imaging for Thyroid Cancer: Beyond Ultrasonography

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(6):515-516. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.0165

This Viewpoint addresses the recommendations of the 2015 American Thyroid Association Management Guidelines for adult patients with thyroid nodules and differentiated thyroid cancer with regard to the use of imaging modalities for the detection of thyroid cancer and known or suspected thyroid nodules.

Original Investigation

Comparison of Patient- and Practitioner-Reported Toxic Effects Associated With Chemoradiotherapy for Head and Neck Cancer

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(6):517-523. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.0656

This study examines the discrepancy between reports on toxic effects due to chemoradiotherapy for head and neck cancer by practitioners using the National Cancer Institute’s Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) tool and by patients using the Patient-Reported Outcomes version of the CTCAE.

Comparison of Conventional, Revascularized, and Bioengineered Methods of Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve Reconstruction

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(6):526-532. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.0151

This canine model study compares conventional, revascularized, and bioengineered methods of recurrent laryngeal nerve reconstruction.

Effect of a Documentation Improvement Program for an Academic Otolaryngology Practice

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(6):533-537. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.0194

This pre-post study identifies areas of deficiency in inpatient documentation and instructs health care professionals on how to improve the quality and accuracy of clinical records.

Parent Perception of Newborn Hearing Screening: Results of a US National Survey

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(6):538-543. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.3948

This cross-sectional study provides insight into parent recall of universal newborn hearing screening.

Risk Factors Associated With Unplanned Readmission in Patients Undergoing Parotid Cancer Surgery: A Study of the National Cancer Database

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(6):544-550. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.0216

This study of patient records in the National Cancer Database examines the incidence of 30-day unplanned readmission for patients undergoing parotidectomy for treatment of parotid cancer.

Effectiveness of Earplugs in Preventing Recreational Noise–Induced Hearing Loss: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(6):551-558. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.0225

This randomized clinical trial assesses the effectiveness of earplugs in preventing temporary hearing loss immediately following loud music exposure.

Identification of Targetable ERBB2 Aberrations in Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(6):559-567. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.0335

This case series examines ERBB2 aberrations in tumor samples from patients with laryngeal and oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma.

Prognostic Importance of Comorbidity and the Association Between Comorbidity and p16 in Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(6):568-575. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.0347

This cohort study examines comorbidity and survival among p16-positive and p16-negative patients with oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma.

Factors Associated With Survival in Patients With Synovial Cell Sarcoma of the Head and Neck: An Analysis of 167 Cases Using the SEER (Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results) Database

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(6):576-583. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.0384

This analysis of SEER registry data examines factors associated with survival in patients with synovial cell sarcoma of the head and neck.

Analysis of Variations in the Use of Intraoperative Nerve Monitoring in Thyroid Surgery

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(6):584-589. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.0412

This cross-sectional analysis uses data from the State Inpatient Databases to examine the use of intraoperative nerve monitoring and its association with patient and surgeon characteristics among patients undergoing thyroidectomy in 3 different states.

Efficacy of a Human Papillomavirus Vaccination Educational Platform in a Diverse Urban Population

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(6):590-595. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.0433

This prospective cohort study examines whether an educational platform affects knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding human papillomavirus vaccination in an inner-city community.

Invited Commentary

Patient-Reported Toxic Effects—The Dawn of a New Era

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(6):524-525. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.0666
Clinical Challenge

Pathology

A Rapidly Enlarging Forehead Mass in a Young Retinoblastoma Survivor

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(6):597-598. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.3704

A young man with a lesion in the supraorbital region had been treated for bilateral retinoblastoma as an infant and had advanced malignant small blue cell tumor as a teenager; a surgical specimen showed multinucleated giant cells and bizarre stromal cells suggestive of treatment effect. What is your diagnosis?

Radiology

A Recurrent, Slow-Growing Retropharyngeal Lesion

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(6):599-600. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.0265

A woman with a history of a benign retropharyngeal mass reported return of her symptoms, including mouth breathing, snoring, nasal obstruction, Eustachian tube dysfunction, and transient upper extremity paraplegias; MRI revealed a complete recurrence and enlargement of the mass. What is your diagnosis?

Radiology

Mass of the Anterior Nasal Septum

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(6):601-602. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.3978

A man in 60s was seen for an incidental deep nasal septal mass that was discovered on a noncontrast head CT study; his only symptom was frontal and ethmoid sinus pressure, and imaging showed an expansile anterior nasal septum mass with internal matrix mineralization. What is your diagnosis?

Radiology

Giant Cerebellar Lesion in a Patient With Purulent Ear Drainage

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(6):603-604. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.0014

A woman who had undergone an emergency craniotomy for brain decompression had purulent discharge from her right ear; imaging detected middle ear, mastoid, and infralabyrinthine involvement and meningitis and a large cerebellar lesion. What is your diagnosis?

Radiology

An Expansile Petrous Apex Mass

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(6):605-606. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.0952

A girl had progressive, left-sided facial palsy with ipsilateral hearing loss and decreased facial sensation; CT showed a petrous apex expansile lesion involving the internal auditory canal, and MRI showed a well-circumscribed lesion extending into the fundus of the internal auditory canal. What is your diagnosis?

Research Letter

Higher Health Care Costs in Middle-aged US Adults With Hearing Loss

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(6):607-609. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.0188

This study uses data from the Truven Health MarketScan database to compare the costs of health care for a matched cohort of privately insured, middle-aged individuals with and without a diagnosis of hearing loss.

Observation

Spontaneous Resolution of a Tracheoesophageal Fistula Caused by Button Battery Ingestion

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(6):609-610. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.1006

This report describes the case of an 18-month-old who ingested a button battery.

Comment & Response

Scratching the Surface of Suicide in Head and Neck Cancer

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(6):610. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.0255

Scratching the Surface of Suicide in Head and Neck Cancer—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(6):611. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.0258
JAMA Otolaryngology–Head & Neck Surgery Masthead

JAMA Otolaryngology–Head & Neck Surgery

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(6):513. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.1810
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