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October 2021 - January 1925

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Issue

August 2016, Vol 142, No. 8, Pages 719-807

In This Issue of JAMA Otolaryngology

Highlights

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(8):719. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.1821
Viewpoint

Reforming the Match Process—Early Decision Plans and the Case for a Consortia Match

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(8):727-728. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.1232

This Viewpoint discusses reforms to the National Resident Matching Program for otolaryngologists that would make the process more efficient without compromising the best placement for applicants.

Original Investigation

Mucous Cytokine Levels in Chronic Rhinosinusitis–Associated Olfactory Loss

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(8):731-737. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.0927

This cross-sectional study examines whether inflammatory cytokines are present in the olfactory cleft and whether they correlate with objective olfaction.

Current Trends in Neonatal Tracheostomy

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(8):738-742. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.1107

This medical record review examines the current trends in neonatal tracheostomy and identifies the primary indication for the procedure and risk factors for failed extubation.

Sinonasal Quality of Life in Children With Cystic Fibrosis

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(8):743-749. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.0979

This survey study evaluates the incidence and effect on quality of life of chronic rhinosinusitis in children with cystic fibrosis.

Upper Airway Computed Tomography Measures and Receipt of Tracheotomy in Infants With Robin Sequence

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(8):750-757. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.1010

This study examines upper airway computed tomography measures in infants with Robin sequence that are associated with receiving tracheotomy.

Thirty-Day Perioperative Outcomes in Pediatric Parotidectomy

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(8):758-762. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.1031

This case series examines 30-day perioperative outcomes after parotidectomy in the pediatric population.

Association of Socioeconomic Status and Race/Ethnicity With Treatment and Survival in Patients With Medullary Thyroid Cancer

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(8):763-771. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.1051

This survival analysis uses data from the SEER Program registry to examine whether socioeconomic status and race/ethnicity are associated with treatment and survival in patients with medullary thyroid cancer.

Tracheotomy Outcomes in Super Obese Patients

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(8):772-776. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.1089

This study examines the outcomes, complications, and mortality after tracheotomy in super obese patients.

Patterns of Care and Comparative Effectiveness of Intensified Adjuvant Therapy for Resected Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma in the Human Papillomavirus Era

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(8):777-788. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.1162

This cohort study uses National Cancer Database data to describe the use of adjuvant chemoradiotherapy and boost radiotherapy for postoperative treatment of oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma, and investigates associations between adjuvant treatment and overall survival.

Invited Commentary

Reforming the Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery Match: Should We Embrace a Consortia Match?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(8):728-730. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.1631
Special Communication

Management of Persistent or Recurrent Structural Neck Disease in Differentiated Thyroid Carcinoma: Point and Counterpoint

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(8):789-791. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.1114

This Viewpoint describes how the optimal management of structurally identified neck disease after initial surgery for thyroid carcinoma is nuanced and must be individually tailored to the patient and his or her disease.

Clinical Challenge

Pathology

Expansile Maxillary Sinus Mass in a Young Child

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(8):793-794. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.3789

A young child had an enlarging right facial mass; contrasted maxillofacial CT scan and MRI revealed an expansile maxillary mass, associated with roots of the upper molar and premolar teeth, with erosion through the anterior maxillary wall and displacement of the inferior orbital wall. What is your diagnosis?

Pathology

Rhinosinusitis and Parotid Enlargement in a Young African American Man

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(8):795-796. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.3971

A young black man had progressive bilateral parotid swelling; radiologically, there were no masses or sialoliths, and his only associated symptoms were fevers and fatigue. What is your diagnosis?

Pathology

Unilateral Cystic Parotid Lesion in a Middle-Aged Man

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(8):797-798. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.3985

A man had a left parotid gland lesion, with no associated pain, facial numbness, or weakness; computed tomography revealed a well-circumscribed ovoid lesion in the anterior aspect of the superficial lobe of the left parotid gland. What is your diagnosis?

Radiology

A Woman With Bilateral Cervical Lymphadenopathy

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(8):799-800. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.0021

A woman presented with severe sore throat and fevers, chills, night sweats, and neck swelling; a neck CT scan with contrast revealed large bilateral asymmetric conglomerations of necrotic cervical lymph nodes. What is your diagnosis?

Pathology

A Young Woman With a Supraclavicular Mass

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(8):801-802. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.3775

A young woman had a 2.0-cm mass in her supraclavicular region, a cough, and fatigue; needle biopsy on supraclavicular aspirate showed a benign spindle cell proliferation arranged in a tissue-culture–like pattern with a myxoid to collagenous stroma. What is your diagnosis?

Observation

Mycobacterium Chelonae Sinusitis in an Immunocompetent Adult

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(8):805-806. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.1865

This case report examines an instance of Mycobacterium chelonae sinusitis found in an immunocompetent patient.

Comment & Response

Gene Expression Classifier Testing and the Surgical Decision-Making Process for Patients With Thyroid Nodules

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(8):806-807. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.0200

Gene Expression Classifier Testing and the Surgical Decision-Making Process for Patients With Thyroid Nodules—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(8):807. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.0515
JAMA Otolaryngology–Head & Neck Surgery Masthead

JAMA Otolaryngology–Head & Neck Surgery

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(8):721. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.1822
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