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October 2021 - January 1925

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Issue

September 2016, Vol 142, No. 9, Pages 817-922

In This Issue of JAMA Otolaryngology

Highlights

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(9):817. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.1827
Original Investigation

Practice Patterns and Projections for the US Pediatric Otolaryngology Workforce

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(9):823-827. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.1163

This survey study evaluates the views of pediatric otolaryngologists toward current practice patterns of and projections for the US pediatric otolaryngology workforce.

Association Between Facial Nerve Monitoring With Postoperative Facial Paralysis in Parotidectomy

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(9):828-833. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.1192

This review assesses the utility of intraoperative facial nerve monitoring in 2 groups of patients undergoing partial and total parotidectomies.

The Role of SPECT/CT Lymphoscintigraphy and Radioguided Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy in Managing Papillary Thyroid Cancer

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(9):834-841. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.1227

This case series describes the ability of SPECT/CT lymphoscintigraphy and radioguided SLN biopsy to detect occult lymph node metastases in patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma, and changes in clinical management in response.

Cetuximab and Radiotherapy in Laryngeal Preservation for Cancers of the Larynx and Hypopharynx: A Secondary Analysis of a Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(9):842-849. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.1228

This cohort study uses data from a trial comparing cetuximab and radiotherapy vs radiotherapy alone for patients with oropharyngeal cancer to investigate the rate of laryngeal preservation and laryngectomy-free survival in the subgroup of patients with locoregionally advanced SCC of the larynx or hypopharynx.

Modified Best-Practice Algorithm to Reduce the Number of Postoperative Videofluoroscopic Swallow Studies in Patients With Type 1 Laryngeal Cleft Repair

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(9):851-856. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.1252

The authors modify a previously published best-practice algorithm based on a literature review and clinical experience to maintain the quality of care provided after successful type 1 laryngeal cleft repair, while reducing the total number of postoperative videofluoroscopic swallow studies.

Elective Neck Dissection vs Observation in Early-Stage Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Oral Tongue With No Clinically Apparent Lymph Node Metastasis in the Neck: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(9):857-865. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.1281

This systematic review and meta-analysis evaluates cancer recurrence and survival outcomes of elective neck dissection compared with observation in patients with early-stage oral tongue squamous cell carcinoma.

Association of TMTC2 With Human Nonsyndromic Sensorineural Hearing Loss

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(9):866-872. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.1444

This prospective genotype and phenotype study identifies a candidate gene that causes bilateral, symmetric, progressive sensorineural hearing loss in a large multigeneration family of Northern European descent.

The Effect of Round Window vs Cochleostomy Surgical Approaches on Cochlear Implant Electrode Position: A Flat-Panel Computed Tomography Study

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(9):873-880. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.1512

This study of 17 patients with cochlear implants uses flat-panel computed tomography to compare intracochlear electrode position in those who had undergone round window insertion vs the cochleostomy approach.

Bilateral Thyroarytenoid Botulinum Toxin Type A Injection for the Treatment of Refractory Chronic Cough

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(9):881-888. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.0972

This case series describes self-reported outcomes and complications of patients with refractory chronic cough treated with bilateral electromyography-guided thyroarytenoid botulinum toxin type A injection.

Invited Commentary

The Challenges of Laryngeal Preservation—Is It the Systemic Agent or the Proper Sequence of Therapy?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(9):849-850. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.1229

Diabolical Coughing—Prima Facie Protocols for Diagnosis and Treatment of Medically Jaded Patients

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(9):889-890. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.0973
Review

Recognition and Documentation of Strangulation Crimes: A Review

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(9):891-897. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.0293

This narrative review assesses the evaluation and documentation of injuries among survivors of strangulation and provides guidance to otolaryngologists who may examine these survivors.

The Evolving and Future Role of Taxanes in Squamous Cell Carcinomas of the Head and Neck: A Review

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(9):898-905. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.1238

This narrative review summarizes published evidence about the use of taxanes for treatment of squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck.

Clinical Challenge

Pathology

Congenital Neck Mass

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(9):907-908. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.0007

Examination of a neonate revealed a large, prenatally diagnosed neck mass causing neck extension and rotation; the mass was multicystic, with prominent vasculature and a small area of skin necrosis, and continued to grow after birth. What is your diagnosis?

Pathology

Left Temple Ulceration

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(9):909-910. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.0026

A man had singular, umbilicated, ulcerated papular lesion of the temple with overlying crusts and surrounding erythema and induration; CT with contrast of the soft tissue revealed an abnormal mass in the site of the lesion. What is your diagnosis?

Pathology

A Woman With Painful Soft-Tissue Nodules of the Forehead

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(9):911-912. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.0079

A woman had severe frontal and periorbital headaches and multiple prominent soft, tender nodules at the forehead and right orbit with right proptosis; a computed tomographic scan showed a soft-tissue mass with involvement of multiple craniofacial bones. What is your diagnosis?

Pathology

Painless, Nonhealing Submental Ulcer

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(9):913-914. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.0086

A man had a nonhealing submental ulcer that formed where a laceration had recently closed; there was an ulcerated, submental lesion within the mid-portion of a scar; it bled with manipulation and appeared to be fixed to the underlying mandible. What is your diagnosis?

Radiology

Incidental Large Left Masticator Space Mass

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(9):915-916. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.0092

A man had a left jaw mass that was associated with an empty socket of the second mandibular molar, was not well circumscribed, and was notably adherent to some surrounding tissues; pathologic assessment demonstrated a squamous lined cyst with parakeratosis. What is your diagnosis?

Observation

Destructive Otologic Foreign Body: Dangers of the Expanding Bead

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(9):919-920. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.1870

This case series examines the dangers of superabsorbent polymer beads to otologic structures in the external auditory canal.

Comment & Response

Effect of Basic Fibroblast Growth Factor in Tympanic Membrane Perforation

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(9):920-921. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.0580

Demystifying the Role of Nonsurgical Treatment in Advanced Supraglottic Carcinoma

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(9):921-922. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.0160
JAMA Otolaryngology–Head & Neck Surgery Masthead

JAMA Otolaryngology–Head & Neck Surgery

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016;142(9):819. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2015.1828
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