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July 2019 - January 1925

Decade

Year

Issue

January 2018, Vol 144, No. 1, Pages 1-91

In This Issue of JAMA Otolaryngology

Highlights

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2018;144(1):1. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2017.0900
Viewpoint

A Possible Association Between Hearing Loss and Zika Virus Infections

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2018;144(1):3-4. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2017.1798

This Viewpoint summarizes what is currently known about Zika virus infection associated with hearing loss in both children and adults and points out areas where further research is needed.

Tonsillectomy for Obstructive Sleep-Disordered Breathing or Recurrent Throat Infection in Children: Summary of AHRA Comparative Effectiveness Review

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2018;144(1):5-6. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2017.1849

This Viewpoint summarizes key findings of the 2017 comparative effectiveness review from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality on tonsillectomy for obstructive sleep-disordered breathing or recurrent throat infection in children.

Editorial

Death by Gun Violence—A Public Health Crisis

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2018;144(1):7-8. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2017.2577
Original Investigation

Risk of Venous Thromboembolism Among Otolaryngology Patients vs General Surgery and Plastic Surgery Patients

Abstract Full Text
free access has active quiz
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2018;144(1):9-17. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2017.1768

This cohort study examines the rate of venous thromboembolism for various otolaryngology procedures compared with an established average-risk field (general surgery) and low-risk field (plastic surgery).

Long-term Functional and Quality-of-Life Outcomes After Transoral Robotic Surgery in Patients With Oropharyngeal Cancer

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2018;144(1):18-27. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2017.1790

This study compares functional speech, swallowing, and quality-of-life outcomes between patients with oropharangeal cancer who underwent transoral robotic surgery onlyand those who underwent transoral robotic surgery and received adjuvant radiotherapy or chemoradiotherapy.

Safety and Effectiveness of a Bioabsorbable Steroid-Releasing Implant for the Paranasal Sinus Ostia: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
open access
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2018;144(1):28-35. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2017.1859

This randomized clinical trial assess the safety and efficacy of an hourglass-shaped, bioabsorbable, steroid-releasing sinus implant in improving postoperative outcomes when placed in the frontal sinus ostia following endoscopic sinus surgery in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis.

Hypoglossal Nerve Stimulation in Adolescents With Down Syndrome and Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Abstract Full Text
free access has audio
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2018;144(1):37-42. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2017.1871

This case series examines whether hypoglossal nerve stimulation is safe and effective in children with Down syndrome and obstructive sleep apnea.

Association Between Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma Survival, Smoking at Diagnosis, and Marital Status

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2018;144(1):43-50. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2017.1880

This cohort study examines the association between survival and smoking status at the time of diagnosis of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma and the association between marital status and smoking in these same patients.

A Systematic Process for Weaning Children With Aspiration From Thickened Fluids

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2018;144(1):51-56. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2017.1917

This case series describes the experience of a systematic weaning process in children who received thickened liquids due to oropharyngeal dysphagia and identified risk of aspiration.

Comparative Analysis of the Growth Pattern of Thyroid Cancer in Young Patients Screened by Ultrasonography in Japan After a Nuclear Accident: The Fukushima Health Management Survey

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2018;144(1):57-63. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2017.2133

This observational study evaluates the change in diameter and volume of malignant thyroid tumors in children after a nuclear accident in Fukushima, Japan.

Prevalence, Characteristics, and Treatment Patterns of Hearing Difficulty in the United States

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2018;144(1):65-70. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2017.2223

This survey study analyzes the epidemiologic features and treatment patterns of hearing difficulty in the United States using data from responses from the 2014 National Health Interview Survey.

Association of Neurocognitive Deficits With Radiotherapy or Chemoradiotherapy for Patients With Head and Neck Cancer

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2018;144(1):71-79. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2017.2235

This prospective, longitudinal study assesses objective neurocognitive function before and after definitive radiation therapy for patients with head and neck cancer.

Invited Commentary

Frontal Sinus Drug-Eluting Implants—Effective, but for Which Patients and at What Cost?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2018;144(1):35-36. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2017.1891

Rethinking the Growth Pattern of Thyroid Cancer in Young Patients Based on the Fukushima Database

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2018;144(1):63-64. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2017.2157
Clinical Challenge

Pathology

Unilateral Nasal Obstruction

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2018;144(1):80-81. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2017.1801

A woman presented with constant right-sided nasal obstruction; computed tomographic scan showed complete opacification of the right paranasal sinuses with mass effect on the medial maxillary wall with mild hyperostosis posterolaterally. What is your diagnosis?

Pathology

Aggressive-Appearing Pediatric Parotid Mass

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2018;144(1):82-83. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2017.1925

A young boy had an enlarging right facial mass; a computed tomographic scan showed a discrete necrotic mass in the right parotid gland, and fine-needle aspirate yielded a cellular sample with spindloid features. What is your diagnosis?

Endoscopy

Worsening Respiratory Distress in a 7-Month-Old Infant

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2018;144(1):84-85. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2017.2243

A 7-month-old male presented with noisy breathing; he fed poorly from the bottle with frequent choking, grunting, and irritability; nasopharyngolaryngoscopy showed no laryngomalacia, laryngeal lesions, or cord paralysis. What is your diagnosis?

Research Letter

Association of Treatment at High-Volume Facilities With Survival in Patients Receiving Chemoradiotherapy for Nasopharyngeal Cancer

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2018;144(1):86-89. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2017.1874

Using the National Cancer Database, this study examines the association of treatment at high-volume facilities with survival in patients receiving chemotherapy for nasopharyngeal cancer.

Observation

Congenital Fistulae of the Stapedial Footplate and Round Window Membrane: An Unusual Cause of Recurrent Meningitis

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2018;144(1):89-90. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2017.2033

This case report describes a synchronous cerebrospinal fluid fistulae through the oval and round window membranes in a patient with recurrent meningitis.

Comment & Response

Treatment of Acute Upper Airway Obstruction

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2018;144(1):90-91. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2017.1922

Treatment of Acute Upper Airway Obstruction—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2018;144(1):91. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2017.1930
JAMA Otolaryngology–Head & Neck Surgery Masthead

JAMA Otolaryngology–Head & Neck Surgery

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2018;144(1):2. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2017.0901
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