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October 2018 - January 1925

Decade

Year

Issue

October 2018, Vol 144, No. 10, Pages 859-952

In This Issue of JAMA Otolaryngology

Highlights

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2018;144(10):859. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2017.1976
Viewpoint

Professional and Patient Engagement, Visual Abstracts, and Applications to Otolaryngology—Social Media’s Siren Call

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2018;144(10):865-866. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.1667

This Viewpoint examines the utility of social media and specific tools for disseminating information and collaborating in the field of otolaryngology.

Original Investigation

Effect of a Change in Papillary Thyroid Cancer Terminology on Anxiety Levels and Treatment PreferencesA Randomized Crossover Trial

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz has audio
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2018;144(10):867-874. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.1272

This randomized cross-over trial analyzes how use of the word cancer may affect adults’ level of anxiety and choice to undergo surgery for small, low-risk papillary thyroid cancer.

Association of Cognition and Age-Related Hearing Impairment in the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2018;144(10):876-882. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.1656

This cohort study investigates the link between age-related hearing impairment and cognitive decline and explores untreated hearing loss and social isolation as potential explanations in a cohort of individuals 50 years or older from the United Kingdom.

Assessment of a Statistical Algorithm for the Prediction of Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2018;144(10):883-886. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.1657

This case series study assesses a statistical prediction algorithm with the aim of efficiently diagnosing and treating patients with dizziness.

Association of Preferences for Papillary Thyroid Cancer Treatment With Disease TerminologyA Discrete Choice Experiment

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2018;144(10):887-896. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.1694

This discrete choice survey study examines factors that are associated with treatment preferences for patients with papillary thyroid cancers, the trade-offs in treatment factors people are willing to accept, and the association of terminology with treatment preferences and benefit-harm trade-offs.

Ultrasonographic Evaluation of Upper Airway Structures in Children With Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2018;144(10):897-905. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.1809

This single-center, observational study of children with sleep-disordered breathing measures the upper airway structures using head and neck ultrasonography and evaluates the association between these measurements and severity of obstructive sleep apnea seen on polysomnography.

Association Between Catastrophizing and Dizziness-Related Disability Assessed With the Dizziness Catastrophizing Scale

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2018;144(10):906-912. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.1863

This medical record review validates a measure of dizziness catastrophizing and assesses its association with dizziness-related disability compared with other negative affect constructs (eg, anxiety and depression) in adults with a balance disorder.

Commercial Claims–Based Comparison of Survival and Toxic Effects of Definitive Radiotherapy vs Primary Surgery in Patients With Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2018;144(10):913-922. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.1929

This cohort study examines the differences in overall survival and toxic effects in patients with oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma treated with radiotherapy vs primary surgery.

Outcomes of Open vs Endoscopic Skull Base Surgery in Patients 70 Years or Older

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2018;144(10):923-928. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.1948

This cohort study compares outcomes of endoscopic and open skull base surgery to investigate associations between surgical approaches, patient age, disease process, and intraoperative and postoperative complications among patients 70 years or older.

Invited Commentary

The Evolving Nomenclature of Thyroid CancerWhat’s in a Name?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2018;144(10):874-875. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.1271

Association of the Word Cancer With Thyroid Cancer Treatment Decisions—A Rose by Any Other Name

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2018;144(10):896. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.1813
Review

Preoperative Imaging Techniques in Primary HyperparathyroidismA Review

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2018;144(10):929-937. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.1671

This narrative review describes the advantages and disadvantages of current and emerging preoperative imaging technologies for primary hyperparathyroidism.

Unintended Consequences of White Noise Therapy for Tinnitus—Otolaryngology's Cobra EffectA Review

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2018;144(10):938-943. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.1856

This narrative review argues that white noise exposure therapy for tinnitus induces maladaptive neuroplastic changes in the brain and discusses alternative therapeutics that drive positive, adaptive plastic changes.

Clinical Challenge

Pathology

A Slow-Growing Fibrous Parapharyngeal Mass

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2018;144(10):944-945. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.1570

A woman in her 60s had a large, nonmobile, firm tumor extending from the postauricular region to the parotid gland, scalp, and neck that had been growing slowly for more than 20 years; she was a former smoker, and there was no palpable lymphadenopathy. What is your diagnosis?

Research Letter

Active Surveillance in Thyroid Microcarcinoma in a Latin-American Cohort

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2018;144(10):947-948. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.1663

This cohort study examines 57 Colombian patients with thyroid nodules classified as Bethesda categories V to VI who were treated with active surveillance.

Observation

Cricopharyngeal Muscle Dysfunction Following Hypoglossal Nerve Stimulator Placement

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2018;144(10):948-949. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.1700

This case report describes a patient with new-onset cricopharyngeus muscle dysfunction after activation of hypoglossal nerve stimulation therapy.

Comment & Response

Medical Practice Entrepreneurship

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2018;144(10):949-950. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.1576

Medical Practice Entrepreneurship—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2018;144(10):950-951. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.1557

Preference Signaling in the National Resident Matching Program

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2018;144(10):951. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.1558

Preference Signaling in the National Resident Matching Program—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2018;144(10):951-952. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.1559
JAMA Otolaryngology–Head & Neck Surgery Masthead

JAMA Otolaryngology–Head & Neck Surgery

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2018;144(10):861. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2017.1977
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