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August 2019 - January 1925

Decade

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Issue

February 2018, Vol 144, No. 2, Pages 97-176

In This Issue of JAMA Otolaryngology

Highlights

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2018;144(2):97. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2017.1936
Viewpoint

Personalized Medicine and the Contradictions and Limits of First-Generation Deescalation Trials in Patients With Human Papillomavirus–Positive Oropharyngeal Cancer

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2018;144(2):99-100. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2017.2308

This Viewpoint discusses the limitations of precision medicine in patients with human papillomavirus–positive oropharyngeal cancer.

Granulomatosis With Polyangiitis—A Moral Impetus for Change

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2018;144(2):101. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2017.2140

This Viewpoint examines the continued use of the name Wegner granulomatosis despite the 2011 consensus to change the name of the disease to granulomatosis with polyangiitis.

Original Investigation

Association of Hearing Loss and Otologic Outcomes With Fibrous Dysplasia

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2018;144(2):102-107. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2017.2407

This study characterizes audiologic and otologic manifestations in a cohort of individuals with fibrous dysplasia and/or McCune-Albright syndrome and investigated potential mechanisms of hearing loss.

Association of Lymph Node Density With Survival of Patients With Papillary Thyroid Cancer

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2018;144(2):108-114. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2017.2416

This cohort study assesses the association of lymph node density—the ratio of the number of positive lymph nodes to the total number of nodes excised—with survival in patients with papillary thyroid cancer.

Association of Age-Related Hearing Loss With Cognitive Function, Cognitive Impairment, and Dementia: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2018;144(2):115-126. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2017.2513

This meta-analysis examines the association between age-related hearing loss and cognitive function, cognitive impairment, and dementia in epidemiologic studies from 12 countries.

Association of Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss With Risk of Cardiocerebrovascular Disease: A Study Using Data From the Korea National Health Insurance Service

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2018;144(2):129-135. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2017.2569

This cohort study uses Korea National Health Insurance Service data to investigate the association between sudden sensorineural hearing loss and cardiocerebrovascular disease.

Traumatic Tympanic Membrane Perforations Diagnosed in Emergency Departments

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2018;144(2):136-139. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2017.2550

This cross-sectional analysis of cases from a national survey system reports the mechanism of injury for traumatic tympanic membrane perforation among patients who presented to the emergency department.

Association of Gastroesophageal Reflux With Malignancy of the Upper Aerodigestive Tract in Elderly Patients

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2018;144(2):140-148. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2017.2561

This case-control study uses a database of population-based tumor registries to investigate the association of gastroesophageal reflux disease with the risk of malignancy in the upper aerodigestive tract in elderly patients.

Outcomes Following Cordotomy by Coblation for Bilateral Vocal Fold Immobility

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2018;144(2):149-155. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2017.2553

This case series of 19 patients examines outcomes of coblation in cordotomy for treatment of patients with bilateral vocal fold immobility.

Indirect vs Direct Voice Therapy for Children With Vocal Nodules: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2018;144(2):156-163. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2017.2618

This randomized clinical trial examines the effect of indirect vs direct voice therapy in children with vocal fold nodules according to pretherapy and posttherapy scores on the Pediatric Voice-Related Quality of Life survey.

Prevalence of Laryngeal Cleft in Pediatric Patients With Esophageal Atresia

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2018;144(2):164-168. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2017.2682

This study uses data from the Esophageal and Airway Treatment Center at Boston Children’s Hospital to assess the prevalence of laryngeal cleft in pediatric patients with esophageal atresia with or without tracheoesophageal fistula.

Invited Commentary

Sensory Changes and the Hearing Loss–Cognition Link: The Cognitive Ear

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2018;144(2):127-128. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2017.2514
Clinical Challenge

Pathology

Asymptomatic Septal Mass

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2018;144(2):169-170. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2017.2431

A woman in her 40s presented with a 2-month history of an enlarging asymptomatic anterior septal mass; she denied a history of localized trauma, and examination revealed an 8-mm pink-red, soft fleshy growth posterior to the membranous septum near the nostril apex. What is your diagnosis?

Pathology

Dysphagia and Pharyngeal Obstruction in a Nonsmoker

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2018;144(2):171-172. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2017.2436

A man in his 60s presented with a 6-month history of dysphagia and a 3-month history of a 5-pound weight loss and a right neck mass; physical examination, including flexible nasolaryngoscopy, was notable for a large smooth nonulcerated right base of tongue mass. What is your diagnosis?

Radiology

Cerebrospinal Fluid Rhinorrhea and a Lytic-Appearing Lesion of the Posterior Cranial Fossa

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2018;144(2):173-174. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2017.2440

A man with a recent history of meningitis presented with a 1-month history of intermittent clear drainage from his left naris during activity; temporal bone computed tomography demonstrated a lytic-appearing lesion of the posterior fossa and partial opacification of the mastoid air cells. What is your diagnosis?

Comment & Response

Hypercoagulability and Severe Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2018;144(2):175. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2017.2761

Hypercoagulability and Severe Obstructive Sleep Apnea—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2018;144(2):175-176. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2017.2769
Correction

Addition to Funding/Support

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2018;144(2):176. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2017.3149

Errors in Figures 1, 2, and 3

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2018;144(2):176. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2017.3219

Missing Acknowledgment

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2018;144(2):176. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2017.3311
JAMA Otolaryngology–Head & Neck Surgery Masthead

JAMA Otolaryngology–Head & Neck Surgery

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2018;144(2):98. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2017.1937
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