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April 2019 - January 1925

Decade

Year

Issue

January 2019, Vol 145, No. 1, Pages 2-96

In This Issue of JAMA Otolaryngology

Highlights

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2019;145(1):No Pagination Specified. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.2276
Editorial

Introducing New Section Editor and Clinical Focus: Care of Patients With Endocrine Conditions

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2019;145(1):3. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.3122
Original Investigation

Incidence of Thyroid Cancer Among Children and Young Adults in Fukushima, Japan, Screened With 2 Rounds of Ultrasonography Within 5 Years of the 2011 Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station Accident

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2019;145(1):4-11. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.3121

This cohort study of 324 301 children and young adults in Fukushima, Japan, evaluates the number of detected thyroid cancers by age group within 5 years of the 2011 Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power station accident and compares basic clinical characteristics and demographic patterns in first-round and second-round examinations.

Association of the Duration of Antibiotic Therapy With Major Surgical Site Infection in Cochlear Implantation

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2019;145(1):14-20. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.1998

This cohort study describes the rates of major surgical site infection for patients undergoing cochlear implantation who receive prolonged antibiotic treatment compared with those who receive a single perioperative dose of antibiotic prophylaxis.

Utility of Routine Spirometry Measures for Surveillance of Idiopathic Subglottic Stenosis

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2019;145(1):21-26. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.2717

This medical record review of 42 patients compares the use of peak expiratory flow, expiratory disproportion index, and total peak flow measures for monitoring disease progression in patients with idiopathic subglottic stenosis.

Trends in Health Care Costs and Utilization Associated With Untreated Hearing Loss Over 10 Years

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2019;145(1):27-34. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.2875

This cohort study assesses whether untreated hearing loss is associated with increased health care costs and utilization.

Incident Hearing Loss and Comorbidity: A Longitudinal Administrative Claims Study

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2019;145(1):36-43. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.2876

This retrospective, propensity-matched cohort study assesses the association between hearing loss and medical comorbidities.

Evaluation of Parental Perspectives and Concerns About Pediatric Tonsillectomy in Social Media

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2019;145(1):45-52. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.2917

This study analyzes comments on Twitter from parents before, during, and after their children’s tonsillectomy.

Association Between Lymph Node Ratio and Recurrence and Survival Outcomes in Patients With Oral Cavity Cancer

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2019;145(1):53-61. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.2974

This cohort study examines the association between lymph node ratio and tumor recurrence and survival outcomes in patients with oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma.

Association of Hospital Volume With Laryngectomy Outcomes in Patients With Larynx Cancer

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2019;145(1):62-70. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.2986

This cross-sectional study of patients with a diagnosis of larynx cancer characterizes the hospital volume-outcome association specifically for laryngectomy surgery and identifies a minimum hospital volume threshold associated with improved outcomes.

Invited Commentary

Why the Data From the Fukushima Health Management Survey After the Daiichi Nuclear Power Station Accident Are Important

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2019;145(1):11-13. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.3136

The Invisible Costs of Hearing Loss

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2019;145(1):35. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.3100

Association of Age-Related Hearing Loss With Multiple Adverse Health Outcomes

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2019;145(1):43-44. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.3078

The Tonsillectomy Tweet

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2019;145(1):52. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.2918

Surgical Volumes and Outcomes—Does Practice Make Perfect?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2019;145(1):70-71. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.3171
Review

Epidemiologic, Imaging, Audiologic, Clinical, Surgical, and Prognostic Issues in Common Cavity Deformity: A Narrative Review

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2019;145(1):72-78. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.2839

This narrative review describes the various aspects of common cavity deformity and examines cochlear implant, the first-line option for achieving hearing function in patients with common cavity deformity.

Clinical Challenge

Radiology

Aggressive-Appearing Intratracheal Mass in an Older Woman

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2019;145(1):81-82. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.2573

A woman in her early 70s presents with biphasic stridor and a report of dyspnea on mild exertion. Noncontrast computed tomography of the chest shows a lesion protruding into the right side of the tracheal region that appears to be contiguous with the right lobe of the thyroid gland. Examination of a biopsy specimen shows medullary thyroid cancer. What is your diagnosis?

Pathology

A Destructive Sinonasal Process Leading to Sudden Blindness

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2019;145(1):83-84. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.2580

A woman in her 70s with a history of pulmonary embolism presented with diplopia and blurry vision as well as 4 months of nasal congestion and progressive headaches despite multiple antibiotic courses. What is your diagnosis?

Radiology

Severe Nasal Swelling

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2019;145(1):85-86. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.2707

A 32-year-old Hispanic man presented with progressive nasal pain, swelling, and crusting extending to his upper lip, without fever or leukocytosis. What is your diagnosis?

Radiology

A Posterior Triangle Neck Mass in a Pediatric Patient

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2019;145(1):87-88. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.2931

A pediatric female presented with a left posterior triangle neck mass that had progressed for 3 years following a motor vehicle accident. What is your diagnosis?

Clinical Guideline Synopsis

Thyroid Cancer Screening After Nuclear Accidents

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2019;145(1):79. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.3137

This guideline recommendation by an expert group convened by the International Agency for Research on Cancer outlines recommendations for thyroid screening after nuclear events.

Research Letter

Use of Corticosteroid-Eluting Sinus Stents Between 2012 and 2017

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2019;145(1):90-91. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.2944

This study characterizes the extent and cost of the use of corticosteroid-eluting sinus stents between 2012 and 2017.

Analysis of Clinical Features of Mammary Analog Secretory Carcinoma Using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Database

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2019;145(1):91-93. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.2936

This population-based study uses data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database to analyze the typical clinical characteristics of mammary analog secretory carcinoma.

Observation

Retained Nasal Trumpet for 20 Months: An Unusual Foreign Body

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2019;145(1):93-94. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.2939

This case study examines a man in his 30s who presented 20 months after an emergency intubation with an iatrogenic retained nasal trumpet.

Comment & Response

Iodine Deficiency and Hearing Impairment

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2019;145(1):94-95. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.2755

Iodine Deficiency and Hearing Impairment—Reply

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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2019;145(1):95. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.2764

Failure to Accurately Disclose Conflicts of Interest in Article Published in JAMA Otolaryngology–Head & Neck Surgery

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2019;145(1):95-96. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.3400
Correction

Missing Conflict of Interest Disclosure

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2019;145(1):96. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.3407
JAMA Otolaryngology–Head & Neck Surgery Masthead

JAMA Otolaryngology–Head & Neck Surgery

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2019;145(1):2. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.2277
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