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August 2021 - January 1925

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Issue

February 2019, Vol 145, No. 2, Pages 103-196

In This Issue of JAMA Otolaryngology

Highlights

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2019;145(2):103. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.2734
Viewpoint

Is It Time to Rethink the Approach to Internal Nasal Valve Stenosis?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2019;145(2):105-106. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.3356

This Viewpoint examines several previous studies of internal nasal valve stenosis and questions if there is potential for a less invasive technique.

Reflections

Whatever Happened to Local Otolaryngology Societies?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2019;145(2):107-108. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.3290

This essay describes the importance of, and decline of membership in, specialty medical societies.

Original Investigation

Association Between Flat-Panel Computed Tomographic Imaging–Guided Place-Pitch Mapping and Speech and Pitch Perception in Cochlear Implant Users

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2019;145(2):109-116. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.3096

This cohort study evaluates the association between image-based place-pitch mapping using flat-panel computed tomography with speech and pitch perception in individuals with cochlear implants.

Effect of Total Intravenous Anesthesia vs Volatile Induction With Maintenance Anesthesia on Emergence Agitation After Nasal Surgery: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2019;145(2):117-123. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.3097

This randomized clinical trial investigates the effect of total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) vs volatile induction with maintenance anesthesia (VIMA) on the occurrence of emergence agitation among patients undergoing nasal surgery.

Association of Preoperative Anemia With 30-Day Morbidity and Mortality Among Patients With Thyroid Cancer Who Undergo Thyroidectomy

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2019;145(2):124-131. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.3099

This cross-sectional cohort study uses the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database to evaluate whether an association exists between preoperative anemia and postoperative 30-day morbidity and mortality outcomes following thyroidectomy in adult patients with thyroid cancer.

Association of Audiometric Age-Related Hearing Loss With Depressive Symptoms Among Hispanic Individuals

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2019;145(2):132-139. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.3270

This multicenter, cross-sectional study uses Community Health Study/Study of Latinos data collected from 4 US communities to assess whether an association exists between age-related, audiometrically measured hearing loss and clinically relevant depressive symptoms in Hispanic adults 50 years or older.

Association Between Conventional Bicycle Helmet Use and Facial Injuries After Bicycle Crashes

Abstract Full Text
free access has active quiz
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2019;145(2):140-145. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.3351

This cohort study examines the association between use of bicycle helmets and the incidence of facial injuries after bicycle crashes.

Evaluation of Aspiration in Infants With Laryngomalacia and Recurrent Respiratory and Feeding Difficulties

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2019;145(2):146-151. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.3642

This study evaluates the medical records of infants with laryngomalacia and associated breathing and feeding difficulties to determine the prevalence of aspiration among this pediatric patient population.

Association of Adjuvant Radiation Therapy With Survival in Patients With Advanced Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Head and Neck

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2019;145(2):153-158. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.3650

This study examines the association of adjuvant radiation therapy vs surgery alone with survival in patients with advanced cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma and assesses which patients benefit the most from addition of adjuvant therapy to surgical treatment.

Drug-Induced Sleep Endoscopy Findings in Supine vs Nonsupine Body Positions in Positional and Nonpositional Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2019;145(2):159-165. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.3692

This cross-sectional study examines drug-induced sleep endoscopy findings in the supine vs nonsupine body positions in positional and nonpositional obstructive sleep apnea using VOTE classification criteria.

Invited Commentary

Silent Aspiration in Laryngomalacia—Not a Hard Concept to Swallow

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2019;145(2):151-152. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.3764

Defining Optimal Treatment Times in Head and Neck Cancer Care: What Are We Waiting For?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2019;145(2):177-178. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.2838
Review

Association of Treatment Delays With Survival for Patients With Head and Neck Cancer: A Systematic Review

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2019;145(2):166-177. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.2716

This systematic review synthesizes information about the association between delays in the delivery of care for head and neck cancer and oncologic outcomes.

Clinical Challenge

Radiology

A Rare Case of a Nasopharyngeal Mass

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2019;145(2):179-180. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.2951

A man in his 50s with a history of chronic hepatitis C, hypothyroidism, and alcoholism presented to the outpatient clinic complaining of nasal congestion and epistaxis; nonenhanced computed tomography of the paranasal sinuses revealed a soft-tissue mass extending from the nasopharynx into the left sphenoid sinus with erosion of the sphenoid sinus floor and the clivus. What is your diagnosis?

Radiology

An Indolent Middle Ear Mass

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2019;145(2):181-182. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.2956

A woman in her 30s with a 1-year history of left ear fullness presented with left-sided hearing that improved temporarily with autoinsufflation. What is your diagnosis?

Pathology

Anterior Nasal Cavity Mass in a Neonate

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2019;145(2):183-184. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.3123

A newborn twin girl was evaluated for a left-sided nasal mass causing nasal obstruction and difficulty breathing; physical examination showed a firm, pedunculated polypoid mass in the anterior nasal cavity at the vestibule with no fluid in the mass. What is your diagnosis?

Pathology

Severe Facial-Disfiguring Xeroderma Pigmentosum With Rapidly Progressing Malignant Tumors

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2019;145(2):185-186. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.3218

A 6-year-old boy presented with several tumoral lesions, which developed from local freckles beginning at 6 months of age and gradually spread with protruding growth. What is your diagnosis?

Research Letter

Assessment of Publication Bias and Systematic Review Findings in Top-Ranked Otolaryngology Journals

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2019;145(2):187-188. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.3301

This study analyzes whether 324 systematic reviews that contain at least 1 meta-analysis with 10 or more primary studies published in top otolaryngology journals that do not evaluate for publication bias show evidence of such bias.

Variation in the Quality of Head and Neck Cancer Care in the United States

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2019;145(2):188-191. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.3632

This evaluation of quality metrics uses data from the National Cancer Database to summarize hospital-level overall quality of care for patients with head and neck cancer in the United States.

Observation

Secondary Endolymphatic Hydrops Associated With Spontaneous Intracranial Hypotension

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2019;145(2):191-193. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.3073

This case report describes a woman in her 40s who presented with spontaneous intracranial hypotension associated with cerebrospinal fluid leakage.

The Essentials-Only Emergency Tracheotomy Pan: Keeping It Simple With Open Emergent Airways

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2019;145(2):193-194. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.3425

This case series describes the development and use of a novel mini-tracheostomy tray for procedures involving the upper airway.

Traumatic Lower Lip Myiasis—A Rare Presentation

Abstract Full Text
has multimedia
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2019;145(2):194-195. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.3858

This is the report of a case of a homeless man in his 50s who presented with traumatic lower lip myiasis.

Comment & Response

Pretreatment Hearing Level—Another Prognostic Factor in Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2019;145(2):195-196. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.3329

Pretreatment Hearing Level—Another Prognostic Factor in Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2019;145(2):196. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.3332
Correction

Labels Reversed in Figure 1

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2019;145(2):196. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.4497

Error in Figure Labels

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2019;145(2):196. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2019.0053
JAMA Otolaryngology–Head & Neck Surgery Masthead

JAMA Otolaryngology–Head & Neck Surgery

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2019;145(2):104. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.2735
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