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February 2020 - January 1925

Decade

Year

Issue

February 2020, Vol 146, No. 2, Pages 96-211

Viewpoint

Implications of Private Equity Acquisition of Otolaryngology Physician Practices

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2020;146(2):97-98. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2019.3738

This Viewpoint discusses the risks and benefits of acquisition of otolaryngology physician practices by private equity firms.

The Threshold of Clinical Significance

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2020;146(2):98-100. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2019.3741

This Viewpoint assesses the role of clinical significance in the evaluation of statistically significant data.

Editorial

Importance of Defining and Interpreting a Clinically Meaningful Difference in Clinical Research

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2020;146(2):101-102. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2019.3744

Prescribing Time to Temporize Burnout: Are We Hacking at the Branches, or Striking at the Root?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2020;146(2):103-105. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2019.3731
Original Investigation

Predicting Hearing Loss After Radiotherapy and Cisplatin Chemotherapy in Patients With Head and Neck Cancer

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2020;146(2):106-112. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2019.3550

This cohort study develops a hearing loss prediction model for patients with head and neck cancer after radiotherapy and/or cisplatin chemotherapy.

Association of Slight to Mild Hearing Loss With Behavioral Problems and School Performance in Children

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2020;146(2):113-120. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2019.3585

This cross-sectional study explores the association of slight to mild hearing loss with behavioral problems and school performance in children.

Head and Neck Injuries Associated With Cell Phone Use

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2020;146(2):122-127. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2019.3678

This cross-sectional study based on national data from 1998 through 2017 assesses the incidence and mechanisms of head and neck injuries associated with cell phone use, especially during activities such as walking and driving.

Association of Immunosuppression With Outcomes of Patients With Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Head and Neck

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2020;146(2):128-135. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2019.3751

This cohort study assesses the association between the presence of immunosuppression and disease-specific outcome in patients with cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma.

Audiology Practices in the Preoperative Evaluation and Management of Adult Cochlear Implant Candidates

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2020;146(2):136-142. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2019.3760

This survey study describes the testing methods and practices used by a sample of US audiologists when evaluating adults with severe hearing loss who are being considered for cochlear implant.

Clinician Use and Payments by Medical Specialty for Audiometric and Vestibular Testing Among US Medicare Beneficiaries

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2020;146(2):143-149. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2019.3924

This cross-sectional study evaluates the variation in clinician use and payments for audiograms and vestibular tests across all regions of the United States and by specialty practice.

Association Between Microvascular Retinal Signs and Age-Related Hearing Loss in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Neurocognitive Study (ARIC-NCS)

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2020;146(2):152-159. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2019.3987

This cohort study investigates whether microvascular retinal signs are associated with age-related hearing loss among patients in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Neurocognitive Study (ARIC-NCS).

Unilateral Vocal Fold Immobility After Prolonged Endotracheal Intubation

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2020;146(2):160-167. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2019.3969

This subgroup analysis of a cohort study examines the incidence of and risk factors for unilateral vocal fold immobility after more than 12 hours of mechanical ventilation in a medical intensive care unit.

Association of Weekly Protected Nonclinical Time With Resident Physician Burnout and Well-being

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2020;146(2):168-175. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2019.3654

This nonrandomized crossover study describes the design of a departmental-level burnout intervention, evaluates the intervention’s association with otolaryngology residents’ burnout and well-being, and describes how residents used and perceived the intervention.

Rates of Discontinuation and Nonpublication of Head and Neck Cancer Randomized Clinical Trials

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2020;146(2):176-182. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2019.3967

This systematic review assesses the rate of discontinuation or nonpublication of phase 3 and 4 randomized clinical trials involving patients with head and neck cancer.

Invited Commentary

When Slight Degrees of Hearing Impairment in Children May Actually Matter

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2020;146(2):120-121. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2019.3613

Geographic Variation in the Use of Audiovestibular Testing—Too Much or Too Little?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2020;146(2):150-151. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2019.3950
Review

Diagnosis and Management of Pediatric Dysphagia: A Review

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2020;146(2):183-191. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2019.3622

This narrative review describes the characteristics and management of dysphagia in infants and children.

Clinical Challenge

Endoscopy

A Newborn With Stridor and Respiratory Distress

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2020;146(2):192-193. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2019.3367

A female neonate was born with stridor and respiratory distress, which required intubation. Laryngoscopy and bronchoscopy revealed a large laryngeal mass that was soft and fluctuant on palpation. What is your diagnosis?

Pathology

An Osseous Destructive Mass of the Infratemporal Fossa

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2020;146(2):194-195. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2019.3390

A 69-year-old man had new-onset headaches, left ear pain, and persistent unsteadiness; computed tomographic imaging of the head demonstrated osseous destruction of the left temporal bone extending along the left internal jugular vein. What is your diagnosis?

Pathology

Subcutaneous Nodule of the Midline Anterior Neck in an Infant

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2020;146(2):196-197. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2019.3551

A 6-month-old infant presented with a congenital superficial papule on the anterior surface of the neck that was not associated with overlying skin changes, pain, or discharge. What is your diagnosis?

Pathology

An Enlarging Right Neck Mass in a 25-Year-Old Woman

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2020;146(2):198-199. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2019.3842

A 25-year-old woman with a history of polycystic ovarian syndrome and a migraine disorder presented with a right neck mass that had enlarged over the course of 6 months. What is your diagnosis?

Research Letter

Variations in Prevalence and Number of Older Adults With Self-reported Hearing Trouble by Audiometric Hearing Loss and Sociodemographic Characteristics

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2020;146(2):201-203. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2019.3584

This cross-sectional study evaluates 2613 participants 60 years or older in the NHANES study (2001-2012) for variations in self-reported hearing trouble by audiometric hearing loss and sociodemographic characteristics.

Observation

Atypical Spitz Tumor of the Lower Lip in a Pediatric Patient

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2020;146(2):203-205. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2019.3385

This case report describes a 2-year-old girl who presented with a lower lip mass with intermittent bleeding, but no discharge, lymphadenopathy, or other oral lesions and was diagnosed with an atypical Spitz tumor.

Dermatomyositis Induced by Filler Rhinoplasty Using Liquid Silicone

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2020;146(2):205-206. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2019.3629

This case report describes a woman in her 60s who presented with intermittent edema, intermittent erythema, and mild tenderness around the nose and was diagnosed with dermatomyositis associated with liquid silicone injection.

Permanent Facial Paralysis and Hearing Loss After Aural Irrigation

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2020;146(2):206-208. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2019.3943

This case report describes a woman in her 70s who presented with impacted cerumen in the right ear and underwent bilateral irrigation, which resulted in tympanic membrane perforation and infection, with subsequent permanent facial palsy and mixed hearing loss.

Comment & Response

Opioid Prescriptions and Risk of Complications After Tonsillectomy in Children

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2020;146(2):208-209. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2019.3430

Opioid Prescriptions and Risk of Complications After Tonsillectomy in Children—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2020;146(2):209. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2019.3432

Some Considerations in Treating Malignant Head and Neck Paragangliomas

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2020;146(2):209-210. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2019.3444

Some Considerations in Treating Malignant Head and Neck Paragangliomas—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2020;146(2):210-211. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2019.3422

Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2020;146(2):211. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2019.3662

Sudden sensorineural hearing loss—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2020;146(2):211. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2019.3653
JAMA Otolaryngology–Head & Neck Surgery Masthead

JAMA Otolaryngology–Head & Neck Surgery

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2020;146(2):96. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2019.2889
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