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Day

November 29, 2018
Editorial

Introducing New Section Editor and Clinical FocusCare of Patients With Endocrine Conditions

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online November 29, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.3122
Original Investigation

Incidence of Thyroid Cancer Among Children and Young Adults in Fukushima, Japan, Screened With 2 Rounds of Ultrasonography Within 5 Years of the 2011 Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station Accident

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online November 29, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.3121

This cohort study of 324 301 children and young adults in Fukushima, Japan, evaluates the number of detected thyroid cancers by age group within 5 years of the 2011 Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power station accident and compares basic clinical characteristics and demographic patterns in first-round and second-round examinations.

Effect of Total Intravenous Anesthesia vs Volatile Induction With Maintenance Anesthesia on Emergence Agitation After Nasal SurgeryA Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online November 29, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.3097

This randomized clinical trial investigates the effect of total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) vs volatile induction with maintenance anesthesia (VIMA) on the occurrence of emergence agitation among patients undergoing nasal surgery.

Association of Preoperative Anemia With 30-Day Morbidity and Mortality Among Patients With Thyroid Cancer Who Undergo Thyroidectomy

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online November 29, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.3099

This cross-sectional cohort study uses the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database to evaluate whether an association exists between preoperative anemia and postoperative 30-day morbidity and mortality outcomes following thyroidectomy in adult patients with thyroid cancer.

Invited Commentary

Why the Data From the Fukushima Health Management Survey After the Daiichi Nuclear Power Station Accident Are Important

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online November 29, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.3136
Clinical Challenge

Radiology

An Indolent Middle Ear Mass

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online November 29, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.2956

A woman in her 30s with a 1-year history of left ear fullness presented with left-sided hearing that improved temporarily with autoinsufflation. What is your diagnosis?

Clinical Guideline Synopsis

Thyroid Cancer Screening After Nuclear Accidents

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online November 29, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.3137

This guideline recommendation by an expert group convened by the International Agency for Research on Cancer outlines recommendations for thyroid screening after nuclear events.

November 21, 2018
Original Investigation

Association of Hospital Volume With Laryngectomy Outcomes in Patients With Larynx Cancer

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online November 21, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.2986

This cross-sectional study of patients with a diagnosis of larynx cancer characterizes the hospital volume-outcome association specifically for laryngectomy surgery and identifies a minimum hospital volume threshold associated with improved outcomes.

Association Between Flat-Panel Computed Tomographic Imaging–Guided Place-Pitch Mapping and Speech and Pitch Perception in Cochlear Implant Users

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online November 21, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.3096

This cohort study evaluates the association between image-based place-pitch mapping using flat-panel computed tomography with speech and pitch perception in individuals with cochlear implants.

Invited Commentary

Surgical Volumes and Outcomes—Does Practice Make Perfect?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online November 21, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.3171
Clinical Challenge

Radiology

A Rare Case of a Nasopharyngeal Mass

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online November 21, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.2951

A man in his 50s with a history of chronic hepatitis C, hypothyroidism, and alcoholism presented to the outpatient clinic complaining of nasal congestion and epistaxis; nonenhanced computed tomography of the paranasal sinuses revealed a soft-tissue mass extending from the nasopharynx into the left sphenoid sinus with erosion of the sphenoid sinus floor and the clivus. What is your diagnosis?

Observation

Secondary Endolymphatic Hydrops Associated With Spontaneous Intracranial Hypotension

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online November 21, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.3073

This case report describes a woman in her 40s who presented with spontaneous intracranial hypotension associated with cerebrospinal fluid leakage.

November 15, 2018
Original Investigation

Evaluation of Parental Perspectives and Concerns About Pediatric Tonsillectomy in Social Media

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online November 15, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.2917

This study analyzes comments on Twitter from parents before, during, and after their children’s tonsillectomy.

Association Between Lymph Node Ratio and Recurrence and Survival Outcomes in Patients With Oral Cavity Cancer

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online November 15, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.2974

This cohort study examines the association between lymph node ratio and tumor recurrence and survival outcomes in patients with oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma.

Invited Commentary

The Tonsillectomy Tweet

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online November 15, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.2918
Clinical Challenge

Radiology

A Posterior Triangle Neck Mass in a Pediatric Patient

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online November 15, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.2931

A pediatric female presented with a left posterior triangle neck mass that had progressed for 3 years following a motor vehicle accident. What is your diagnosis?

Research Letter

Use of Corticosteroid-Eluting Sinus Stents Between 2012 and 2017

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online November 15, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.2944

This study characterizes the extent and cost of the use of corticosteroid-eluting sinus stents between 2012 and 2017.

Observation

Retained Nasal Trumpet for 20 MonthsAn Unusual Foreign Body

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online November 15, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.2939

This case study examines a man in his 30s who presented 20 months after an emergency intubation with an iatrogenic retained nasal trumpet.

November 8, 2018
Original Investigation

Trends in Health Care Costs and Utilization Associated With Untreated Hearing Loss Over 10 Years

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online November 8, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.2875

This cohort study assesses whether untreated hearing loss is associated with increased health care costs and utilization.

Incident Hearing Loss and ComorbidityA Longitudinal Administrative Claims Study

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online November 8, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.2876

This retrospective, propensity-matched cohort study assesses the association between hearing loss and medical comorbidities.

Invited Commentary

The Invisible Costs of Hearing Loss

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online November 8, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.3100

Association of Age-Related Hearing Loss With Multiple Adverse Health Outcomes

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online November 8, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.3078
Review

Epidemiologic, Imaging, Audiologic, Clinical, Surgical, and Prognostic Issues in Common Cavity DeformityA Narrative Review

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online November 8, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.2839

This narrative review describes the various aspects of common cavity deformity and examines cochlear implant, the first-line option for achieving hearing function in patients with common cavity deformity.

Clinical Challenge

Radiology

Severe Nasal Swelling

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online November 8, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.2707

A 32-year-old Hispanic man presented with progressive nasal pain, swelling, and crusting extending to his upper lip, without fever or leukocytosis. What is your diagnosis?

Research Letter

Analysis of Clinical Features of Mammary Analog Secretory Carcinoma Using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Database

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online November 8, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.2936

This population-based study uses data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database to analyze the typical clinical characteristics of mammary analog secretory carcinoma.

November 1, 2018
Original Investigation

Utility of Routine Spirometry Measures for Surveillance of Idiopathic Subglottic Stenosis

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online November 1, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.2717

This medical record review of 42 patients compares the use of peak expiratory flow, expiratory disproportion index, and total peak flow measures for monitoring disease progression in patients with idiopathic subglottic stenosis.

Invited Commentary

Defining Optimal Treatment Times in Head and Neck Cancer CareWhat Are We Waiting For?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online November 1, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.2838
Review

Association of Treatment Delays With Survival for Patients With Head and Neck CancerA Systematic Review

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online November 1, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.2716

This systematic review synthesizes information about the association between delays in the delivery of care for head and neck cancer and oncologic outcomes.

Clinical Challenge

Pathology

A Destructive Sinonasal Process Leading to Sudden Blindness

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online November 1, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.2580

A woman in her 70s with a history of pulmonary embolism presented with diplopia and blurry vision as well as 4 months of nasal congestion and progressive headaches despite multiple antibiotic courses. What is your diagnosis?

Comment & Response

Iodine Deficiency and Hearing Impairment

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online November 1, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.2755

Iodine Deficiency and Hearing Impairment—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online November 1, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.2764
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