This cohort study of 324 301 children and young adults in Fukushima, Japan, evaluates the number of detected thyroid cancers by age group within 5 years of the 2011 Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power station accident and compares basic clinical characteristics and demographic patterns in first-round and second-round examinations.
This randomized clinical trial investigates the effect of total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) vs volatile induction with maintenance anesthesia (VIMA) on the occurrence of emergence agitation among patients undergoing nasal surgery.
This cross-sectional cohort study uses the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database to evaluate whether an association exists between preoperative anemia and postoperative 30-day morbidity and mortality outcomes following thyroidectomy in adult patients with thyroid cancer.
A woman in her 30s with a 1-year history of left ear fullness presented with left-sided hearing that improved temporarily with autoinsufflation. What is your diagnosis?
This guideline recommendation by an expert group convened by the International Agency for Research on Cancer outlines recommendations for thyroid screening after nuclear events.
This cross-sectional study of patients with a diagnosis of larynx cancer characterizes the hospital volume-outcome association specifically for laryngectomy surgery and identifies a minimum hospital volume threshold associated with improved outcomes.
This cohort study evaluates the association between image-based place-pitch mapping using flat-panel computed tomography with speech and pitch perception in individuals with cochlear implants.
A man in his 50s with a history of chronic hepatitis C, hypothyroidism, and alcoholism presented to the outpatient clinic complaining of nasal congestion and epistaxis; nonenhanced computed tomography of the paranasal sinuses revealed a soft-tissue mass extending from the nasopharynx into the left sphenoid sinus with erosion of the sphenoid sinus floor and the clivus. What is your diagnosis?
This case report describes a woman in her 40s who presented with spontaneous intracranial hypotension associated with cerebrospinal fluid leakage.
This study analyzes comments on Twitter from parents before, during, and after their children’s tonsillectomy.
This cohort study examines the association between lymph node ratio and tumor recurrence and survival outcomes in patients with oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma.
A pediatric female presented with a left posterior triangle neck mass that had progressed for 3 years following a motor vehicle accident. What is your diagnosis?
This study characterizes the extent and cost of the use of corticosteroid-eluting sinus stents between 2012 and 2017.
This case study examines a man in his 30s who presented 20 months after an emergency intubation with an iatrogenic retained nasal trumpet.
This cohort study assesses whether untreated hearing loss is associated with increased health care costs and utilization.
This retrospective, propensity-matched cohort study assesses the association between hearing loss and medical comorbidities.
This narrative review describes the various aspects of common cavity deformity and examines cochlear implant, the first-line option for achieving hearing function in patients with common cavity deformity.
A 32-year-old Hispanic man presented with progressive nasal pain, swelling, and crusting extending to his upper lip, without fever or leukocytosis. What is your diagnosis?
This population-based study uses data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database to analyze the typical clinical characteristics of mammary analog secretory carcinoma.
This medical record review of 42 patients compares the use of peak expiratory flow, expiratory disproportion index, and total peak flow measures for monitoring disease progression in patients with idiopathic subglottic stenosis.
This systematic review synthesizes information about the association between delays in the delivery of care for head and neck cancer and oncologic outcomes.
A woman in her 70s with a history of pulmonary embolism presented with diplopia and blurry vision as well as 4 months of nasal congestion and progressive headaches despite multiple antibiotic courses. What is your diagnosis?
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