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Year

Day

December 27, 2018
Original Investigation

Evaluation of Aspiration in Infants With Laryngomalacia and Recurrent Respiratory and Feeding Difficulties

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online December 27, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.3642

This study evaluates the medical records of infants with laryngomalacia and associated breathing and feeding difficulties to determine the prevalence of aspiration among this pediatric patient population.

Invited Commentary

Silent Aspiration in Laryngomalacia?Not a Hard Concept to Swallow

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online December 27, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.3764
Review

Diagnosis, Classification, and Management of Pediatric Tracheobronchomalacia: A Review

Abstract Full Text
has multimedia
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online December 27, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.3276

This narrative review discusses diagnosis and treatment of tracheobronchomalacia (TBM) in infants and children and presents a novel classification system.

Clinical Challenge

Radiology

Newborn With a Sublingual Mass

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online December 27, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.2568

A 1-week-old, full-term male newborn who was born after a normal pregnancy presented with labored breathing, xerostomia, poor bowel movements, symmetrical submucosal swelling of the oral floor, and a midline external punctum in the submental area; imaging showed a midline, sublingual, thin-walled, multiloculated lesion that extended inferiorly. What is your diagnosis?

December 20, 2018
Original Investigation

Drug-Induced Sleep Endoscopy Findings in Supine vs Nonsupine Body Positions in Positional and Nonpositional Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online December 20, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.3692

This cross-sectional study examines drug-induced sleep endoscopy findings in the supine vs nonsupine body positions in positional and nonpositional obstructive sleep apnea using VOTE classification criteria.

Association of Adjuvant Radiation Therapy With Survival in Patients With Advanced Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Head and Neck

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online December 20, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.3650

This study examines the association of adjuvant radiation therapy vs surgery alone with survival in patients with advanced cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma and assesses which patients benefit the most from addition of adjuvant therapy to surgical treatment.

Clinical Challenge

Radiology

A Unified Cause of Cranial Polyneuropathy

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online December 20, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.3626

A healthy man in his mid 30s residing in the northeastern United States was seen by his primary care physician in mid-June with a 2-week history of flulike symptoms and was given doxycycline because he reported frequenting wooded areas; 1 week later, he developed a complete right facial nerve paralysis. What is your diagnosis?

Research Letter

Variation in the Quality of Head and Neck Cancer Care in the United States

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online December 20, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.3632

This evaluation of quality metrics uses data from the National Cancer Database to summarize hospital-level overall quality of care for patients with head and neck cancer in the United States.

December 13, 2018
Viewpoint

Is It Time to Rethink the Approach to Internal Nasal Valve Stenosis?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online December 13, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.3356

This Viewpoint examines several previous studies of internal nasal valve stenosis and questions if there is potential for a less invasive technique.

Original Investigation

Association Between Conventional Bicycle Helmet Use and Facial Injuries After Bicycle Crashes

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online December 13, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.3351

This cohort study examines the association between use of bicycle helmets and the incidence of facial injuries after bicycle crashes.

Clinical Challenge

Pathology

Severe Facial-Disfiguring Xeroderma Pigmentosum With Rapidly Progressing Malignant Tumors

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online December 13, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.3218

A 6-year-old boy presented with several tumoral lesions, which developed from local freckles beginning at 6 months of age and gradually spread with protruding growth. What is your diagnosis?

Observation

The Essentials-Only Emergency Tracheotomy Pan: Keeping It Simple With Open Emergent Airways

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online December 13, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.3425

This case series describes the development and use of a novel mini-tracheostomy tray for procedures involving the upper airway.

December 6, 2018
Reflections

Whatever Happened to Local Otolaryngology Societies?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online December 6, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.3290

This essay describes the importance of, and decline of membership in, specialty medical societies.

Original Investigation

Association of Audiometric Age-Related Hearing Loss With Depressive Symptoms Among Hispanic Individuals

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online December 6, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.3270

This multicenter, cross-sectional study uses Community Health Study/Study of Latinos data collected from 4 US communities to assess whether an association exists between age-related, audiometrically measured hearing loss and clinically relevant depressive symptoms in Hispanic adults 50 years or older.

Clinical Challenge

Pathology

Anterior Nasal Cavity Mass in a Neonate

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online December 6, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.3123

A newborn twin girl was evaluated for a left-sided nasal mass causing nasal obstruction and difficulty breathing; physical examination showed a firm, pedunculated polypoid mass in the anterior nasal cavity at the vestibule with no fluid in the mass. What is your diagnosis?

Research Letter

Assessment of Publication Bias and Systematic Review Findings in Top-Ranked Otolaryngology Journals

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online December 6, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.3301

This study analyzes whether 324 systematic reviews that contain at least 1 meta-analysis with 10 or more primary studies published in top otolaryngology journals that do not evaluate for publication bias show evidence of such bias.

Comment & Response

Pretreatment Hearing Level—Another Prognostic Factor in Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online December 6, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.3329

Pretreatment Hearing Level—Another Prognostic Factor in Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online December 6, 2018. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.3332
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