This survey study assesses otolaryngology patients’ definitions of congestion and compares these definitions with the terms used by clinicians.
This systematic review of 16 English-language studies compares measures of diagnostic accuracy of 18F-fluorocholine positron emission tomography–computed tomography with other imaging modalities in locating parathyroid glands to facilitate minimally invasive surgery.
A man with a perforation of the hard palate was admitted following 3 weeks of dysphagia; 1 week of nasal regurgitation, nonproductive cough, and breathy voice; a 25-pound weight loss over the preceding 2 months; and a 1-year history of HIV infection and hepatic tuberculosis. What is your diagnosis?
This Viewpoint discusses the history of the Tinnitus Retraining Therapy Trial and the challenges encountered in conducting a phase 3 randomized clinical trial involving all major branches of the military.
This randomized clinical trial compares the efficacy of tinnitus retraining therapy and its components, sound therapy and tinnitus-specific educational counseling, with the standard of care on tinnitus-related quality of life.
This study examines the trends in incidence rates of pediatric thyroid cancer in the United States from 1973 to 2013 by demographic and tumor characteristics.
A young woman developed a large, painful mass on her tongue after bite trauma. Histopathologic examination showed ulceration, pseudoepitheliomatous hyperplasia, and acute and chronic inflammation with eosinophils. What is your diagnosis?
This systematic review assesses the association of Ebola virus infection with hearing loss in regions where Ebola virus infection is endemic.
An 80-year-old man with acromegaly due to a hypoenhancing pituitary microadenoma opted for transsphenoidal resection, but preoperative MRI examination of the sella revealed a left-sided pituitary microadenoma and lobulated polypoid soft tissue masses in the superior nasal cavities arising from the olfactory clefts. What is your diagnosis?
This analysis of 2017 National Institutes of Health funding data examines the relative funding for hearing loss research compared with 29 other conditions.
This systematic review and meta-analysis reviews 21 prospective trials to evaluate short-course antibiotic prophylaxis vs extended-course antibiotic prophylaxis with regard to rates of surgical site infection after ear, nose, throat, and oral and maxillofacial surgery.
A woman in her 60s with a history of end-stage renal disease who had a kidney transplant 9 months ago presented with progressive cough, dyspnea, and hoarseness. What is your diagnosis?
This cohort study describes a model using machine learning to help predict 5-year overall survival among patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) and compares this model with a prediction model created from the TNM (Tumor, Node, Metastasis) clinical and pathologic stage.
This study uses Veterans Affairs Corporate Data Warehouse data to examine whether there is an association between prior hematologic malignant tumor and risk of head and neck cancer and assesses the overall survival among these patients.
This cohort study evaluates the association of the addition of adult patients’ functional performance to other important preoperative clinical characteristics with 30-day and 90-day hospital readmissions and overall survival after surgical treatment of head and neck cancer.
This case series study analyzes intraoperative facial nerve monitoring data from adult patients who had a parotidectomy operation and identifies the monitoring parameters associated with postoperative nerve weakness.
This systematic review examines whether fundoplication is effective control of signs and symptoms in adults with laryngopharyngeal reflux.
A 27-year-old man with a history of pharyngeal gonorrhea presented with a 7-day history of severe sore throat and odynophagia, worse when swallowing solids than liquids. What is your diagnosis?
This survey study evaluates whether there is an association between the sex of a patient with tinnitus and self-reported suicidal behavior.
This retrospective cohort study assesses the performance of the traditional pathologic risk stratification system for surgically resected human papillomavirus–associated oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma and proposes an alternate composite risk stratification system.
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