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Year

Day

May 30, 2019
Original Investigation

Differences in the Intended Meaning of Congestion Between Patients and Clinicians

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online May 30, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2019.1023

This survey study assesses otolaryngology patients’ definitions of congestion and compares these definitions with the terms used by clinicians.

Review

Usefulness of 18F-Fluorocholine Positron Emission Tomography–Computed Tomography in Locating Lesions in Hyperparathyroidism: A Systematic Review

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online May 30, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2019.0574

This systematic review of 16 English-language studies compares measures of diagnostic accuracy of 18F-fluorocholine positron emission tomography–computed tomography with other imaging modalities in locating parathyroid glands to facilitate minimally invasive surgery.

Clinical Challenge

Pathology

Perforation of the Hard Palate

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online May 30, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2019.0926

A man with a perforation of the hard palate was admitted following 3 weeks of dysphagia; 1 week of nasal regurgitation, nonproductive cough, and breathy voice; a 25-pound weight loss over the preceding 2 months; and a 1-year history of HIV infection and hepatic tuberculosis. What is your diagnosis?

Comment & Response

Medical Students and Global Surgery Efforts at Academic Medical Centers

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online May 30, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2019.0918

Medical Students and Global Surgery Efforts at Academic Medical Centers—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online May 30, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2019.0919
May 23, 2019
Viewpoint

The Search for and Conduct of the Elusive Phase 3 Randomized Clinical Trial: Snipe Hunting With the Military

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online May 23, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2019.0830

This Viewpoint discusses the history of the Tinnitus Retraining Therapy Trial and the challenges encountered in conducting a phase 3 randomized clinical trial involving all major branches of the military.

Original Investigation

Effect of Tinnitus Retraining Therapy vs Standard of Care on Tinnitus-Related Quality of Life: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
has audio
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online May 23, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2019.0821

This randomized clinical trial compares the efficacy of tinnitus retraining therapy and its components, sound therapy and tinnitus-specific educational counseling, with the standard of care on tinnitus-related quality of life.

Pediatric Thyroid Cancer Incidence and Mortality Trends in the United States, 1973-2013

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online May 23, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2019.0898

This study examines the trends in incidence rates of pediatric thyroid cancer in the United States from 1973 to 2013 by demographic and tumor characteristics.

Invited Commentary

Role of the US Department of Defense Hearing Center of Excellence in Studying the Treatment of Tinnitus

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online May 23, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2019.0822

Pediatric Thyroid Cancer—Are My Kids at Increased Risk?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online May 23, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2019.0896
Clinical Challenge

Pathology

An Exophytic Dorsolateral Tongue Mass in a Young Patient

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online May 23, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2019.0935

A young woman developed a large, painful mass on her tongue after bite trauma. Histopathologic examination showed ulceration, pseudoepitheliomatous hyperplasia, and acute and chronic inflammation with eosinophils. What is your diagnosis?

Comment & Response

Chronic Rhinosinusitis and Increased Risk of Depression and Anxiety: The Role of Impaired Sleep Quality

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online May 23, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2019.0916

Chronic Rhinosinusitis and Increased Risk of Depression and Anxiety—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online May 23, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2019.0917
May 16, 2019
Review

Association of Ebola Virus Infection With Hearing Loss in Regions Where Ebola Virus Infection Is Endemic: A Systematic Review

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online May 16, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2019.0710

This systematic review assesses the association of Ebola virus infection with hearing loss in regions where Ebola virus infection is endemic.

Clinical Challenge

Radiology

Incidental Nasal Cavity Mass Identified During Preoperative Examination for Transsphenoidal Surgery

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online May 16, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.3983

An 80-year-old man with acromegaly due to a hypoenhancing pituitary microadenoma opted for transsphenoidal resection, but preoperative MRI examination of the sella revealed a left-sided pituitary microadenoma and lobulated polypoid soft tissue masses in the superior nasal cavities arising from the olfactory clefts. What is your diagnosis?

Research Letter

National Institutes of Health Funding for Hearing Loss Research

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online May 16, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2019.0649

This analysis of 2017 National Institutes of Health funding data examines the relative funding for hearing loss research compared with 29 other conditions.

May 9, 2019
Original Investigation

Evaluation of Prolonged vs Short Courses of Antibiotic Prophylaxis Following Ear, Nose, Throat, and Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online May 9, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2019.0879

This systematic review and meta-analysis reviews 21 prospective trials to evaluate short-course antibiotic prophylaxis vs extended-course antibiotic prophylaxis with regard to rates of surgical site infection after ear, nose, throat, and oral and maxillofacial surgery.

Clinical Challenge

Pathology

Airway Obstruction in a Patient After Kidney Transplant

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online May 9, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2019.0772

A woman in her 60s with a history of end-stage renal disease who had a kidney transplant 9 months ago presented with progressive cough, dyspnea, and hoarseness. What is your diagnosis?

May 2, 2019
Original Investigation

Development and Assessment of a Machine Learning Model to Help Predict Survival Among Patients With Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online May 2, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2019.0981

This cohort study describes a model using machine learning to help predict 5-year overall survival among patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) and compares this model with a prediction model created from the TNM (Tumor, Node, Metastasis) clinical and pathologic stage.

Risk of Head and Neck Cancer in Patients With Prior Hematologic Malignant Tumors

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online May 2, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2019.1012

This study uses Veterans Affairs Corporate Data Warehouse data to examine whether there is an association between prior hematologic malignant tumor and risk of head and neck cancer and assesses the overall survival among these patients.

Association of Preoperative Functional Performance With Outcomes After Surgical Treatment of Head and Neck Cancer: A Clinical Severity Staging System

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online May 2, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2019.1035

This cohort study evaluates the association of the addition of adult patients’ functional performance to other important preoperative clinical characteristics with 30-day and 90-day hospital readmissions and overall survival after surgical treatment of head and neck cancer.

Assessment of Intraoperative Nerve Monitoring Parameters Associated With Facial Nerve Outcome in Parotidectomy for Benign Disease

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online May 2, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2019.1041

This case series study analyzes intraoperative facial nerve monitoring data from adult patients who had a parotidectomy operation and identifies the monitoring parameters associated with postoperative nerve weakness.

Invited Commentary

Outcomes Data on Surgical Therapies for Silent Reflux

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online May 2, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2019.0340
Review

Surgical Treatment for Laryngopharyngeal Reflux Disease: A Systematic Review

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online May 2, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2019.0315

This systematic review examines whether fundoplication is effective control of signs and symptoms in adults with laryngopharyngeal reflux.

Clinical Challenge

Endoscopy

An Unusual Sore Throat

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online May 2, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2019.0612

A 27-year-old man with a history of pharyngeal gonorrhea presented with a 7-day history of severe sore throat and odynophagia, worse when swallowing solids than liquids. What is your diagnosis?

Research Letter

Sex-Specific Association of Tinnitus With Suicide Attempts

Abstract Full Text
open access
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online May 2, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2019.0566

This survey study evaluates whether there is an association between the sex of a patient with tinnitus and self-reported suicidal behavior.

May 1, 2019
Original Investigation

Development and Assessment of a Novel Composite Pathologic Risk Stratification for Surgically Resected Human Papillomavirus–Associated Oropharyngeal Cancer

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online May 1, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2019.0820

This retrospective cohort study assesses the performance of the traditional pathologic risk stratification system for surgically resected human papillomavirus–associated oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma and proposes an alternate composite risk stratification system.

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