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Year

Day

May 28, 2020
Original Investigation

Effectiveness of Adenotonsillectomy vs Watchful Waiting in Young Children With Mild to Moderate Obstructive Sleep Apnea: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online May 28, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2020.0869

This randomized clinical trial evaluates the effectiveness of adenotonsillectomy compared with watchful waiting in children aged 2 and 4 years who experience mild to moderate obstructive sleep apnea.

Invited Commentary

Do Young Children With Nonsevere Obstructive Sleep Apnea Benefit From Adenotonsillectomy?The CHAT vs the KATE Study

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online May 28, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2020.0878
May 21, 2020
Reflections

To Be a Partner in Life—Resident Training During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online May 21, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2020.0921

This essay reflects on being a resident at the time of coronavirus disease 2019 and advocates for a role for residents in the response to the pandemic.

Original Investigation

Otolaryngologist Performance in the Merit-Based Incentive Payment System in 2017

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online May 21, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2020.0847

This cross-sectional study characterizes otolaryngologist participation and performance in the Merit-Based Incentive Payment System in 2017.

Observation

Persistent Laryngeal Swelling Caused by Primary Intralymphatic Histiocytosis

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online May 21, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2020.0849

This case report describes a woman in her 20s who presented with dyspnea during exercise and an inspiratory stridor when lying down, as well as dysphagia and a globus sensation for 2 months, and was subsequently diagnosed with primary intralymphatic histiocytosis.

Comment & Response

The Risks of Aural Irrigation

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online May 21, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2020.0950

The Risks of Aural Irrigation—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online May 21, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2020.0953
May 14, 2020
Editorial

For Whom Do Cochlear Implants Work Best?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online May 14, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2020.0678
Original Investigation

Association of Patient-Related Factors With Adult Cochlear Implant Speech Recognition Outcomes: A Meta-analysis

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online May 14, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2020.0662

This meta-analysis of 13 studies comprising 1095 patients provides associations of patient-related factors with cochlear implant speech recognition outcomes.

Health-Related Quality of Life Changes Associated With Hearing Loss

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online May 14, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2020.0674

This qualitative study develops a comprehensive profile of items that describe how quality of life is associated with hearing loss and its treatments that can be used to generate hearing-related quality of life measures, including a novel utility measure.

Clinical Challenge

Pathology

Slow-Growing Painless Parotid Nodule in a Woman in Her 40s

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online May 14, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2020.0675

A 44-year-old woman presents with an asymptomatic enlarging right parotid mass, with histologic findings compatible with salivary gland carcinoma and demonstrating microcystic and papillary architecture. What is your diagnosis?

May 7, 2020
Original Investigation

Risk Factors for Patient-Reported Olfactory Dysfunction After Endoscopic Transsphenoidal Hypophysectomy

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online May 7, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2020.0673

This cohort study analyzes the association between postsurgical hyposmia and/or anosmia and a variety of patient, disease, and treatment factors among patients with primary sellar lesions.

Review

Considerations in Human Papillomavirus–Associated Oropharyngeal Cancer Screening: A Review

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online May 7, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2019.4811

This narrative review summarizes the evidence associated with screening for human papillomavirus–positive oropharyngeal cancer.

Clinical Challenge

Endoscopy

HIV-Positive Patient With an Obstructing Laryngeal Mass

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online May 7, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2020.0223

A man in his 30s with a history of HIV and syphilis presented to the emergency department with dyspnea and stridor; examination findings revealed violaceous nodules and a subepithelial spindle cell lesion. What is your diagnosis?

Research Letter

Assessing the Number of Candidates There Are for Active Surveillance of Low-Risk Papillary Thyroid Cancers in the US

Abstract Full Text
JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online May 7, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2020.0523

This quality improvement study uses tumor size to assess which patients are at low risk for papillary thyroid cancer and may be candidates for active surveillance as a treatment strategy.

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